Where is Kipchak?

Where is Kipchak?

Kipchak, Russian Polovtsy, Byzantine Kuman, or Cuman, a loosely organized Turkic tribal confederation that by the mid-11th century occupied a vast, sprawling territory in the Eurasian steppe, stretching from north of the Aral Sea westward to the region north of the Black Sea.

What race are Cumans?

Historically, the Cumans (also known as Polovtsians) were a nomadic Turkic people who, at the height of their history, inhabited the areas between the Black Sea and the Volga River, formed a confederation with the Kipchaks and influenced the politics of neighboring states such as Kievan Rus’, the Pechenegs, the …

Who was Kipchak Khanate?

Golden Horde, also called Kipchak Khanate, Russian designation for the Ulus Juchi, the western part of the Mongol empire, which flourished from the mid-13th century to the end of the 14th century. The people of the Golden Horde were a mixture of Turks and Mongols, with the latter generally constituting the aristocracy.

What religion were Cumans?

Primitive stone figures called Stone babas (see Stone baba), which are found throughout southern Ukraine, were closely connected with the Cuman religious cult of shamanism. Like other Turkic tribes, the Cumans tolerated all religions; hence, Islam and Christianity spread quickly among them.

Who defeated the Golden Horde?

In 1262 CE, war broke out between the two nominal parts of the Mongol Empire. Berke formed an alliance with Baybars (r. 1260-1277 CE), the Mamluk Sultan in Egypt. An Ilkhanate invasion of the Golden Horde ended in defeat when the Golden Horde general Nogai led a surprise attack at the Battle of Terek in 1262 CE.

Why did the Cumans lose to the Mongols?

The battle took place near the Kalka River in 1223. Due to confusion and mistakes, and the superb military tactics and fighting-qualities of the Mongols, the Rus’ and Cumans were defeated.

What language did Cumans speak?

Kipchak Turkic
Cuman (Kuman) was a Kipchak Turkic language spoken by the Cumans (Polovtsy, Folban, Vallany, Kun) and Kipchaks; the language was similar to today’s various languages of the Kipchak-Cuman branch.

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