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Is acrylonitrile a monomer?

Is acrylonitrile a monomer?

Acrylonitrile (ACN) is used mainly as a monomer or comonomer in the production of synthetic fibres, plastics and elastomers.

What is the formula of acrylonitrile?


Is acrylonitrile a carcinogen?

Based on limited evidence in humans and evidence in rats, EPA has classified acrylonitrile as a probable human carcinogen (Group B1).

Where is acrylonitrile used?

Acrylonitrile is used in many industries. It is used to make certain plastics, rubbers, and chemicals, and in the past, as a pesticide. Some examples of workers at risk of being exposed to acrylonitrile include the following: Workers involved in the manufacturing of acrylic fibers and plastics.

Is a polymerised acrylonitrile?

Acrylonitrile polymers (also called nitriles) are copolymers of acrylonitrile and various other monomers. The three most important comonomers are styrene, butadiene, and methyl acrylate. About 30 to 85 percent by weight of the copolymer is acrylonitrile and about 15 percent or more is butadiene and/or methyl acrylate.

What is the mass of acrylonitrile?

53.06 g/mol
Acrylonitrile/Molar mass

Where is acrylonitrile found?

Because acrylonitrile evaporates quickly, it is most likely to be found in the air around chemical plants where it is made. Acrylonitrile breaks down quickly in the air. It has been found in small amounts in the water and soil near manufacturing plants and hazardous waste sites.

Why is acrylonitrile harmful?

Acrylonitrile (CH₂=CHCN) is a toxic, colorless to pale-yellow liquid, harmful to the eyes, skin, lungs, and nervous system. It may cause cancer. Workers may be harmed from exposure to acrylonitrile. The level of exposure depends upon the dose, duration, and work being done.

How is acrylonitrile harmful to the body?

* Exposure to Acrylonitrile can cause weakness, headache, dizziness, confusion, nausea, vomiting, and can lead to death. * Repeated exposure can irritate the nose causing discharge, nosebleeds, and sores inside the nose. * Acrylonitrile may affect the liver.

What is the molecular weight of the acrylonitrile?

Danger. Acrylonitrile structure. Common Name. Acrylonitrile. CAS Number. 107-13-1. Molecular Weight. 53.063. Density.

Is there any evidence that acrylonitrile is a carcinogen?

Acrylonitrile is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in ex- perimental animals. Cancer Studies in Experimental Animals. Acrylonitrile caused tumors at several different tissue sites in rats.

How many mg of acrylonitrile is lethal to humans?

78 mg/kg Behavioral – convulsions or effect on seizure threshold Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration – dyspnea Gastrointestinal – changes in structure or function of salivary glands LC50 – Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill Inhalation Rodent – rat 425 ppm/4H Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value

What kind of odor does acrylonitrile have?

A mixture of acrylonitrile and carbon tetrachloride was used as a pesticide in the past; however, all pesticide uses have stopped. Acrylonitrile, stabilized appears as a clear colorless liquid with a strong pungent odor. Flash point 32°F. Prolonged exposure to the vapors or skin contact harmful.

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