Who is Hegel the philosophy?
Hegel was the last of the great system builders of Western philosophy and the greatest and most extravagant representative of the school of absolute idealism. His philosophy inspired late 19th-century idealists such F.H.
What is the traditional metaphysical view of Hegel’s philosophy?
2.2 The traditional metaphysical view of Hegel’s philosophy In this picture, Hegel is seen as offering a metaphysico-religious view of God qua Absolute Spirit, as the ultimate reality that we can come to know through pure thought processes alone.
What does Hegel believe about history?
Hegel regards history as an intelligible process moving towards a specific condition—the realization of human freedom. “The question at issue is therefore the ultimate end of mankind, the end which the spirit sets itself in the world” (1857: 63).
What was Hegel’s religion?
Hegel’s doctrine of God provides the means for understanding this fundamental relationship. Although Hegel stated that God is absolute Spirit and Christianity is the absolute religion, the compatibility of Hegel’s doctrine of God with Christian theology has been a matter of continuing and closely argued debate.
Was Hegel a Marxist?
Marx’s view of history, which came to be called historical materialism, is certainly influenced by Hegel’s claim that reality and history should be viewed dialectically. While Marx accepted this broad conception of history, Hegel was an idealist and Marx sought to rewrite dialectics in materialist terms.
What is the goal of history according to Hegel?
According to Hegel, the end or goal of history is the actualization of freedom in the life of the modern nation-state.
Who are the true individuals of world history according to Hegel?
For Hegel, world history is driven by ‘world-historical individuals’; so-called ‘great men’ such as Socrates, Julius Caesar, or Napoleon. They alone are able to influence the tides of history and drive forward the self-consciousness of freedom.