What is tuberculous pleurisy?

What is tuberculous pleurisy?

Tuberculous pleuritis is defined as a pleural effusion and pleuritis secondary to infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In most cases, tuberculous pleuritis is believed to stem from either rupture of a subpleural granuloma into the pleural space or dissemination of the mycobacteria via the pleural lymphatics.

Can TB pleural effusion be cured?

Although it is curable, tuberculosis remains one of the most frequent causes of pleural effusions on a global scale, especially in developing countries. Tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE) is one of the most common forms of extrapulmonary tuberculosis.

Is pleurisy and tuberculosis the same?

Tuberculous pleurisy is the first or second most common form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis as well as the main cause of pleural effusion in many countries1. The relative incidence of tuberculous pleurisy is usually expected to be higher in a high tuberculosis prevalence setting.

What is the survival rate of pleurisy?

Mortality rates were 8.4% versus 0.8% during the first 90 days, p < 0.001, and 46.6% versus 24.5% overall, p < 0.001, in patients and controls, respectively. Mortality was significantly higher in patients with pulmonary infection, procedural complication, or malignancy as the etiology of pleural infection.

Is pleurisy worse at night?

Shortness of breath and pleuritic chest pain may suggest pulmonary embolism, pneumonia, or pneumothorax. Pleuritic chest pain that is worse when the person is lying on their back compared with when they are upright may indicate pericarditis.

What causes tuberculous pleurisy?

Tuberculous pleurisy results from inflammation of the membrane that covers the lungs (the pleura) caused by exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria infecting the lungs.

Can pleurisy be seen on xray?

Your doctor may also take X-rays of your chest. These X-rays will be normal if you have only pleurisy without fluid but may show fluid if you have a pleural effusion. They can also show if pneumonia is the cause of the pleurisy. CT scans and ultrasound scans may also be used to better visualize the pleural space.

What does Tuberculosis, pleural mean?

Tuberculous (TB) pleural effusion is a buildup of fluid in the space between the lining of the lung and the lung tissue (pleural space) after a severe, usually long-term infection with tuberculosis.

What is pleural pain?

Pleuritic chest pain, also known as pleurisy or pleuritis, is characterized by a painful sensation in the chest that can spread to the shoulders and neck. The pain can either feel sharp or dull and aching, and often becomes worse when trying to inhale deeply.

What is tuberculosis effusion?

Tuberculous pleural effusion. INTRODUCTION. Tuberculous pleural effusion is the second most common form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (after lymphatic involvement) and is the most common cause of pleural effusion in areas where tuberculosis is endemic [1-5].

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