What is the formula of aniline hydrochloride?
What is HCl to aniline?
HCl(aq) will react with aniline to form anilinium chloride, C6H7NH+Cl-, which is water-soluble.
Is aniline hydrochloride an acid?
Aniline hydrochloride, C_6H_5NH_3Cl, is a weak acid.
Is aniline acidic or basic?
A primary aromatic amine, aniline is a weak base and forms salts with mineral acids. In acidic solution, nitrous acid converts aniline into a diazonium salt that is an intermediate in the preparation of a great number of dyes and other organic compounds of commercial interest.
What is the best method to prepare aniline?
Aniline is prepared by the reaction of nitrobenzene and Sn / concentrated HCl / excess NaOH with nitrobenzene. In this reaction, nitrobenzene is reduced to aniline salt by Sn / concentrated HCl. Then aniline is recovered by adding NaOH.
How we can prepare aniline?
Aniline is prepared commercially by the catalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene or by the action of ammonia on chlorobenzene. The reduction of nitrobenzene can also be carried out with iron borings in aqueous acid. A primary aromatic amine, aniline is a weak base and forms salts with mineral acids.
What is the common name of aniline?
|Systematic IUPAC name Benzenamine|
|Other names Phenylamine Aminobenzene Benzamine|
|CAS Number||62-53-3 142-04-1 (HCl)|
What is the formula for the compound aniline?
Aniline is an organic compound with the formula C 6 H 5 NH 2. Consisting of a phenyl group attached to an amino group, aniline is the simplest aromatic amine. It is an industrially significant commodity chemical, as well as a versatile starting material for fine chemical synthesis.
What is the chemical formula for aniline C6H5NH2?
PubChem CID 6115 Structure Find Similar Structures Chemical Safety Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary (LCSS Molecular Formula C6H7Nor C6H5NH2 Synonyms ANILINE Benzenamine Phenylamine 62-53-3
What is the boiling point of aniline in water?
In pure state, aniline is a colorless liquid. Its boiling point is 184°C. When exposed to air, it gets oxidized in small amounts and due to this its color becomes light brown. It is less soluble in water but more soluble in ether, alcohol and chloroform.
How do you make aniline in the laboratory?
To make aniline in the laboratory, take 25 grams of nitrobenzene and 50 grams of granulated tin in a round flask. A vertical air condenser is to be placed in the flask. Add 110 ml of concentrated hydrochloric acid little by little to the flask. While adding acid, keep the flask shaken and cool so that the tap of the mixture does not exceed 60°C.