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# What is a formula with a circular reference?

## What is a formula with a circular reference?

A circular reference refers to a formula, that visits its own or another cell more than once in its chain of calculations, creating an infinite loop which slows down your spreadsheet significantly.

## How do you reset circular references in Excel?

Use the Formulas Menu Click the “Formulas” tab in the ribbon menu at the top of the Excel window. Click the small arrow next to the “Error Checking” button in that area. Move your mouse over “Circular References” and the last entered circular reference will appear.

How do you calculate circular reference?

Go to the Formulas tab, click the arrow next to Error Checking, and point to Circular References The last entered circular reference is displayed there. Click on the cell listed under Circular References, and Excel will bring you exactly to that cell.

How do I allow circular references in Excel?

To start, click on the ‘File’ tab. On the ‘Excel Options’ window, go to the ‘Formulas’ section and tick the ‘Enable iterative calculation’ box. Click ‘OK’ to save the changes. After that, you will not get any warning whenever there’s a circular reference.

### How do I avoid circular references in Excel?

By setting the maximum number of iterations for the formula, Excel will ignore the circular reference and calculate the formula 10 times. Thus, to have Excel let you use circular references in repeated iterations of the same formula, you simply need to tell Excel the number of times to perform the calculation.

### What is circular reference error in Excel?

Millions of people using Excel don’t get why they see the “circular reference” error message right after they’ve entered a formula. The message means that your formula is trying to calculate its own cell–kind of like when a dog chases its own tail.

How do you fix a circular reference error?

Remove or allow a circular reference

1. If you can’t find the error, click the Formulas tab, click the arrow next to Error Checking, point to Circular References, and then click the first cell listed in the submenu.
2. Review the formula in the cell.

Can a formula in a cell be a circular reference?

A formula in a cell that directly or indirectly refers to its own cell is called a circular reference. This is not possible. 1. For example, the formula in cell A3 below directly refers to its own cell. This is not possible.

#### Which is an example of a circular reference?

For example, cell A3 might contain the formula = (A1+A2)/A3. Formulas like =A1+1 (in cell A1) also cause circular reference errors. While you’re looking, check for indirect references. They happen when you put a formula in cell A1, and it uses another formula in B1 that in turn refers back to cell A1.

#### How to locate and remove a circular reference?

You can handle a circular reference by doing one of the following: remove the circular reference or enable iterative calculations. In this tip we explain how you can locate and remove a circular reference. Note: Download the sample workbook to practice this exercise. The screenshot below will be used for this example. 1.

How to find and locate circular reference in Excel quickly?

Step 1: Go to the Formula Auditinggroup under the Formulatab. Step 2: Click the Arrow button besides the Error Checkingbutton. Step 3: Move mouse over the Circular Referencesitem in the drop down list, and it shows the cells with circular references. See the following screenshot: