What is the difference between pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade?
When larger amounts of fluid accumulate (pericardial effusion) or when the pericardium becomes scarred and inelastic, one of three pericardial compressive syndromes may occur: Cardiac tamponade – Cardiac tamponade, which may be acute or subacute, is characterized by the accumulation of pericardial fluid under pressure.
What is the difference between fibrous and serous pericardium?
Fibrous pericardium is the outer layer. It’s made from thick connective tissue and is attached to your diaphragm. It holds your heart in place in the chest cavity and protects from infections. Serous pericardium is the inner layer.
What causes fibrinous pericarditis?
Fibrinous pericarditis is usually caused by trauma, surgery, acute myocardial infarction, uremia, collagen vascular disorders, and malignancies.
How can you tell the difference between pericardial effusion and cardiomegaly?
How do you distinguish cardiomegaly from pericardial effusion?
- There is pulmonary congestion in CHF and pulmonary oligemia in pericardial effusion.
- Shape of the heart is helpful. Water bottle appearance in pericardial effusion.
- Displacement of precardiac fat line in pericardial effusion .
What is the function of fibrous pericardium?
The two layers of the serous pericardium are continuous with each other. The fibrous pericardium is a layer of connective tissue that provides support and protection for the heart.
Which disease is associated with pericarditis?
Causes of pericarditis Pericarditis may occur after a respiratory or digestive system infection. Chronic and recurring pericarditis may be caused by autoimmune disorders such as lupus, scleroderma and rheumatoid arthritis.
How long does pericardial effusion last?
Recovery may take several weeks or months, depending on the severity and cause of the pericardial effusion. A possible complication of pericardial effusion is cardiac tamponade, which is a medical emergency requiring immediate intervention.