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Why does Africa have high child mortality?

Why does Africa have high child mortality?

Linkages with maternal health. Child mortality is inextricably linked with maternal mortality. In Africa, at least 25 per cent of all deaths in children under-five occur within the first month, 75 per cent of these during the first week. Causes include infection, asphyxia, and preterm and low birth weight.

What are the leading causes of infant mortality?

The five leading causes of infant death in 2018 were:

  • Birth defects.
  • Preterm birth and low birth weight.
  • Injuries (e.g., suffocation).
  • Sudden infant death syndrome.
  • Maternal pregnancy complications.

What causes infant mortality in developing countries?

The major causes of infant death in developed countries, which tends to occur in the neonatal period, are low birth weight, prematurity, birth complications, and congenital defects; developing countries; they are vaccine preventable infectious diseases, diarrhea and dehydration, and respiratory illnesses, all …

What are the causes of infant mortality in Nigeria?

The major scientific causes of infant mortality in Nigeria include dehydration, infection, congenital malfunction, pneumonia, measles, diarrhea, and malaria [1].

Which country has the highest child mortality?

The country with the highest infant mortality rate is the Central African Republic where close to 9% of all infants die. The country with the lowest infant mortality rate today is Iceland at 0.16%.

What is the #1 killer of infants?

Leading causes of infant death in the United States 2019 In that year, the most significant causes of infant death were congenital malformations which were responsible for 20.6 percent of all deaths in the United States.

What are the 10 leading causes of infant mortality?

Infant Mortality Ten (10) Leading Causes

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Cause Number Rate
1. Bacterial sepsis of newborn 3,608 2.0
2. Pneumonia 2,628 1.5

What can reduce infant mortality in developing countries?

Vitamin A supplementation, breast feeding, and prenatal diagnosis of congenital malformations are low-cost strategies that can significantly affect infant well-being and reduce child mortality in many developing countries.

What are the effects of infant mortality?

Underreplacement means that when infant mortality is reduced, the death rate for children will be reduced more than the fertility rate, more children will reach adulthood, and population growth will be faster.

Which country in Africa has the highest infant mortality rate?

Of the 20 countries in the world with the highest risk of neonatal death, 15 (75 percent) are in Africa. Liberia has the highest risk of newborn death, with 6.6 percent of babies dying in the first month of life.

What country has the highest infant mortality rate?

Afghanistan has the highest infant mortality rate in the world, with 110.6 deaths per 1,000 children 5 years old and younger. Other countries with high infant mortality rates are Somalia, the Central African Republic, and Guinea-Bissau.

What is the maternal mortality rate in Africa?

Two regions, sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, account for 86 per cent of maternal deaths worldwide. Sub-Saharan Africans suffer from the highest maternal mortality ratio – 533 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, or 200,000 maternal deaths a year. This is over two thirds (68 per cent) of all maternal deaths per year worldwide.

What is the cause of infant mortality rate?

Causes of Infant Mortality. Over 22,000 infants died in the United States in 2017. The five leading causes of infant death in 2017 were: Birth defects. Preterm birth and low birth weight. Maternal pregnancy complications. Sudden infant death syndrome .

Why infant mortality rate is an important health indicator?

It is an important indicator of the overall physical health of a community. Preserving the lives of newborns has been a long-standing issue in public health, social policy, and humanitarian endeavours. High infant mortality rates are generally indicative of unmet human health needs in sanitation, medical care, nutrition, and education.

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