What is strain in polymer?
Polymer stress-strain curves are produced by stretching a sample at a constant rate through the application of a tensile force. By using a constant rate of testing the strain-rate dependency of polymer behaviour is not allowed to dominate.
What is elastic and plastic strain?
When energy goes into changing the shape of some material and it stays changed, that is said to be plastic deformation. When the material goes back to its original form, that’s elastic deformation. Most materials have an amount of force or pressure for which they deform elastically.
How do you identify plastic strains?
The plastic strain is obtained by subtracting the elastic strain, defined as the value of true stress divided by the Young’s modulus, from the value of total strain (see Figure 1). Figure 1. Decomposition of the total strain into elastic and plastic components.
What is plastic equivalent strain?
If you look at the stress-strain curve of material, there is a point called as ‘yield point’. The equivalent plastic strain is the total strain energy of this plastic deformation value on a material.
Are metals elastic or plastic?
By this definition, steel is more elastic than rubber because steel comes back to its original shape faster than rubber when the deforming forces are removed.
Is inelastic the same as plastic?
Inelastic: Any behaviour that has significant permanent strain after removal of loads. Plastic: Any permanent strain due to stresses exceeding a well defined yield stress.
What are types of strains?
In response to stress, rock may undergo three different types of strain – elastic strain, ductile strain, or fracture.
- Elastic strain is reversible. Rock that has undergone only elastic strain will go back to its original shape if the stress is released.
- Ductile strain is irreversible.
- Fracture is also called rupture.
What is effective plastic strain?
Effective plastic strain is a monotonically increasing scalar value which is calculated incrementally as a function of (Dp)ij, the plastic component of the rate of deformation tensor. Effective plastic strain grows whenever the material is actively yielding, i.e., whenever the state of stress is on the yield surface.
What is the best definition of a strain?
1 : an act of straining or the condition of being strained: such as. a : bodily injury from excessive tension, effort, or use heart strain especially : one resulting from a wrench or twist and involving undue stretching of muscles or ligaments back strain. b : excessive or difficult exertion or labor.
What is true plastic strain?
plastic strain. Strain in which the distorted body does not return to its original size and shape after the deforming force has been removed.
Effective plastic strain. Effective plastic strain is a monotonically increasing scalar value which is calculated incrementally as a function of (Dp)ij, the plastic component of the rate of deformation tensor.
What is plastic strain ratio?
Plastic Strain Ratio. Plastic strain ratio r is a measure of the ability of a sheet metal to resist thinning or thickening when subjected to a tensile or compressive force. It is typically advantageous if the material reduces in area a minimal amount when subject to this force, meaning a good drawing material has a high r value.
What is elastic plastic?
: a substance having both elastic and plastic properties : a rubberlike plastic. elastoplastic. adjective. \\ “\\. Definition of elastoplastic (Entry 2 of 2) : relating to the state of stress between the elastic limit of a material and its breaking strength in which the material exhibits both elastic and plastic properties.