## How is vortex shedding frequency measured?

The non-dimensional frequency St = fd/U (also called Strouhal number) is approximately constant (≈ 0.20), although there is a small Reynolds number dependence. The shedding frequency f has been shown to be proportional to a velocity close to the bulk velocity U, for a given cylinder with diameter d, see Ref. (5).

### What is the vortex shedding frequency?

speed control setting | pulse frequency | vortex frequency |
---|---|---|

34 – 35 | 3.6 – 3.8 Hz | 800 Hz |

40 | 4.7 | 1 kHz |

45 – 47 | 5.4 – 5.8 | 1.26 |

52 | 6.5 – 6.6 | 1.4 |

#### What is the formula for calculating the vortex frequency?

For a constant diameter cylinder, the vortex shedding frequency is a simple calculation using the Strouhal Number. Sn=fL/V where Sn is the Strouhal No., f is the vortex shedding frequency (Hz), L is the characteristic length or diameter (if circular) in metres and V is the mean fluid velocity [ms-1] . Keep it simple!!!

**What is vortex shedding?**

In fluid dynamics, vortex shedding is an oscillating flow that takes place when a fluid such as air or water flows past a bluff (as opposed to streamlined) body at certain velocities, depending on the size and shape of the body. The object will tend to move toward the low-pressure zone.

**What causes vortex-induced vibration?**

In fluid dynamics, vortex-induced vibrations (VIV) are motions induced on bodies interacting with an external fluid flow, produced by, or the motion producing, periodic irregularities on this flow. This process then repeats until the flow rate changes substantially.

## What is a helical strake?

Helical strakes are aerodynamic stabilizers that reduce forces and deflections experienced on the stack due to vortex shedding. Strakes consist of 3 vanes which can be wrapped in a helical pattern on the upper one-third part of the stack.

### Why is the Karman shedding frequency so important?

The Karman shedding frequency has been an important subject of study due to its direct relation to the excitation force frequency. In particular, von Karman demonstrated theoretically, via a stability analysis of two vortex rows, that the Strouhal number is nearly constant.

#### When was von Karman’s vortex shedding first observed?

The phenomenon was first observed and analyzed on two-dimensional cylinders in a perpendicular uniform flow, but it is now widely documented for three-dimensional bodies and non-uniform flow fields.

**What makes a Karman vortex a vortex street?**

In fluid dynamics, a Kármán vortex street (or a von Kármán vortex street) is a repeating pattern of swirling vortices, caused by a process known as vortex shedding, which is responsible for the unsteady separation of flow of a fluid around blunt bodies.

**How is shedding frequency related to excitation force?**

Karman vortex shedding induced vibration The Karman shedding frequency has been an important subject of study due to its direct relation to the excitation force frequency. In particular, von Karman demonstrated theoretically, via a stability analysis of two vortex rows, that the Strouhal number is nearly constant.