What are the monomers of nucleic acids?
Nucleic acids are giant biomolecules made of monomers called nucleotides. Nucleotides have three components: pentose sugar (5-carbon sugar), phosphate group, and nitrogenous base.
What are the 3 monomers of nucleic acids?
Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or large biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life. They are composed of nucleotides, which are the monomers made of three components: a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogenous base.
What are the examples of nucleic acid?
The two main classes of nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). DNA is the master blueprint for life and constitutes the genetic material in all free-living organisms and most viruses.
What are examples of nucleic acid monomers and polymers?
Monomers are glucose, amino acids, nucleotides for carbohydrates, proteins an nucleic acids respectively. The polymer examples in the same order are glycogen, insulin and DNA.
How many nucleic acids are there?
There are two types of nucleic acids: DNA and RNA. DNA carries the genetic blueprint of the cell and is passed on from parents to offspring (in the form of chromosomes).
What are the three types of nucleic acids?
The two main types of nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA)….Table 3.5. 1: Features of DNA and RNA.
|Features of DNA and RNA|
|Pyrimidines||Cytosine, thymine||Cytosine, uracil|
|Purines||Adenine, guanine||Adenine, guanine|
What molecule is made up of nucleic acid?
Nucleic acids are the biopolymers, or large biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life. The term nucleic acid is the overall name for DNA and RNA. They are composed of nucleotides, which are the monomers made of three components: a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group and a nitrogenous base.
What is the general structure of a nucleic acid?
The basic structure of nucleic acids is Nitrogenous bases, the Sugar moiety, and the Phosphate molecule. Nucleotides are the building blocks of all nucleic acids. Nucleotides have a distinctive structure composed of three components covalently bound together: The combination of a base and sugar is called a nucleoside.
What are some facts about nucleic acids?
Nucleic acids are characterized as very large molecules that have distinctively two main parts, usually noted as the double-helix formation. The helix formation that represents a nucleic acid pattern is unique, one that intends to separate one [family’s] biological identification from another.
Why do we need nucleic acids?
Nucleic acids are made up of nucleotides, which are molecules that are essential to almost every biological process in the human body. They aid with gut repair, they encourage cellular growth, and they strengthen the immune system.