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What are the 5 principles of Confucianism?

What are the 5 principles of Confucianism?

The Five Constant Virtues mean the Confucian virtues of benev- olence (ren 仁), righteousness (yi 義), propriety (li 義), wisdom (zhi 智), and trustworthiness (xin 信). As with the Fundamental Bonds, these five virtues are the most significant ones and thus serve as shorthand for all the Confucian virtues.

What are 2 main ideas of Confucianism?

The worldly concern of Confucianism rests upon the belief that human beings are fundamentally good, and teachable, improvable, and perfectible through personal and communal endeavor, especially self-cultivation and self-creation. Confucian thought focuses on the cultivation of virtue in a morally organised world.

What are the elements of Confucianism?

Confucianism, therefore, expounded the importance of four virtues which we all possess: benevolence (jen), righteousness (i), observance of rites (li) and moral wisdom (te). A fifth was later added – faith – which neatly corresponded to the five elements (in Chinese thought) of earth, wood, fire, metal and water.

What is the highest Confucian virtue?

Ren. Ren is the highest virtue or ideal in Confucianism. This virtue is the culmination of all virtues and includes moral excellence, love, and all virtues at their highest possible attainment.

What is the main goal of Confucianism?

Confucianism, the teachings of Confucius during 500 BC, has played an important role in forming Chinese character, behavior and way of living. (Eliot 2001; Guo 1995) Its primary purpose is to achieve harmony, the most important social value.

What are the four main concepts of Mohist ethics?

As in early Mohist thought, the core of the later Mohist ethical theory is a cluster of four interrelated concepts: “Morality” (yì 義, also “duty” or “right”), “benefit” (lì 利, perhaps also “welfare”), “benevolence” (rén 仁, also “kindness” or “humaneness”), and “care” (ài 愛).

What makes a person a righteous being in Mohism?

Mohism promotes a philosophy of impartial caring; that is, a person should care equally for all other individuals, regardless of their actual relationship to him or her. The expression of this indiscriminate caring is what makes man a righteous being in Mohist thought.

Why are the canons of Mohist so important?

The Canons, their accompanying Explanations, and other later Mohist writings are among the most important texts in the history of Chinese ethics, philosophy of language, epistemology, logic, and science.

What do the Mohists mean by objective standard?

The Mohists refer to the objective ethical standard they seek as a fa (model, standard), a concept that plays a central part in their ethics and their views on language, knowledge, and argumentation or reasoning.

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