How industrial effluents affect soil and water pollution?
Metal transfer factors from ground water to irrigated agricultural soil and from soil to ground water were calculated for heavy metals. Thus, untreated industrial effluents can cause an environmental threat to ground water resources and affects soil quality and agricultural plant productivity.
What are the effects of industrial effluents on natural water bodies?
It diminishes the aesthetic quality of lakes and rivers. More seriously, contaminated water destroys aquatic life and reduces its reproductive ability. Eventually, it is a hazard to human health. Nobody can escape the effects of water pollution.
How does industrial pollution affect the soil?
Industrial wastes have different amount of toxic contents and hazardous chemicals such that when deposited in soil, they affect the soil layer strength in the top soil, thus reducing the soil fertility and biological activity of the soil.
What are the industrial effluents?
Industrial effluents are discharges from various industries, and various organic pollutants have been found in different water resources. They belong to various classes such as pesticides, fertilizers, hydrocarbons, phenols, plasticizers, biphenyls, detergents, oils, greases, pharmaceuticals, etc.
How does agriculture utilize saline water?
(1) The use of gypsum for saline water (2) Additional phosphorous application (3) The use of canal water at early growth stages, including pre-sowing irrigation, in conjunction with saline water (4) Using 20% extra seed and irrigating very soon after sowing (within 2-3 days) to improve germination; (5) Irrigation with …
What are the harmful effects of industrial effluents?
Almost 100% of the respondents identified that untreated industrial effluents degraded surface water and soil along with negative impact on crop, insect pests and animals. The health and proper growth of human, domestic animals and aquatic animals are also affected by awful effects of untreated industrial effluents.
What are the effects of industrial effluents on sewer?
The municipal water source becomes aesthetic and unwholesome. The water becomes contaminated; the water may become polluted if the concentration of hazardous substances in the industrial effluent increase by the day; thus weakening the self-purification exercise of the water body. Serious health hazards are imminent.
How can industrial waste be reduced?
Methods of Industrial Waste Management
- Segregation and Recycling. Much of the waste that is generated by your company’s production, shipping, and packaging needs is not reusable or compostable, but it is recyclable.
- Use of Landfills. Landfills are one of the most common ways to dispose of waste in America.
What was the impact of industrial effluents on ground water?
Manivasakam (1976) reported physicochemical examination of water, sewage and industrial effluents, Kumar and Mishra (1990) studied the effect of sewage and paper mill effluents on ground water.
How does industrial waste water affect the soil?
Similarly, pH, organic carbon, cation-exchange capacity, available N, P, K and micronutrient contents of soils irrigated with paper factory effluents are reported to be increased. Besides, the use of this waste water increases the exchangeable Na content of soils.
What are the effects of distillery effluents on soil?
Impact of use of these effluents on soil, plant and waterbodies is discussed. Use of distillery effluents indicates a significant increase in electrical conductivity (EC), organic carbon, exchangeable Na as well as avail able N, P and K in soil s.
What are the effects of paper mill effluents?
The paper mill effluents are character ized by high values of BOD, COD and wide range of pH, depending upon the source of origin. The N, P and K contents are lower as compared to those in distillery waste waters. Impact of use of these effluents on soil, plant and waterbodies is discussed.