What are the 15 elements and their symbols?

What are the 15 elements and their symbols?

The elements of the periodic table sorted by atomic number

Atomic number Name chemical element Symbol
15 Phosphorus P
16 Sulfur S
17 Chlorine Cl
18 Argon Ar

What is the symbol of the element in Group 14 and Period 2?

The element belongs to group number 14 and period number 2 is carbon. Therefore, the symbol of the element is C.

What is the first element in Group 14?

Carbon is the first element in this 14th group of elements.

What element is in Group 14 and Period 4?

Germanium (Ge) is an element in group 14. Germanium, like silicon above it, is an important semiconductor and is commonly used in diodes and transistors, often in combination with arsenic.

What period is group 14 in?

The first three elements i.e., C, Si & Ge form mostly the covalent compounds….SALIENT FEATURES OF GROUP 14 (CARBON FAMILY) ELEMENTS.

Period 3
Element Silicon
Symbol Si
Atomic number (Z) 14
Electronic configuration [Ne] 3s2 3p2

What element is in group 14 Period 7?

Carbon group element, any of the six chemical elements that make up Group 14 (IVa) of the periodic table—namely, carbon (C), silicon (Si), germanium (Ge), tin (Sn), lead (Pb), and flerovium (Fl).

What is Catenation explain with reference to group 14?

The property of self-linking of atoms of an element through covalent bonds to form straight or branched chains and rings of different sizes is called catenation. Amongst the group 14 elements, C-C bond strength (355 kJ mol1) is maximum, therefore, carbon shows maximum tendency for catenation.

Which element belongs to Group 15?

Nitrogen group element, any of the chemical elements that constitute Group 15 (Va) of the periodic table. The group consists of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), arsenic (As), antimony (Sb), bismuth (Bi), and moscovium (Mc).

How did the group 14 elements get their names?

Table \\ (\\PageIndex {1}\\): Derivation of the names of each of the Group 14 elements. Carbon was known in prehistory in the form of soot; while charcoal was made in Roman times (by heating wood while exclude air) and diamonds were known as early as 2500 BC in China.

Why are group 14 elements the most stable?

The group 14 elements show the greatest range of chemical behavior of any group in the periodic table. Because the covalent bond strength decreases with increasing atomic size and greater-than-expected ionization energies due to an increase in Z eff, the stability of the +2 oxidation state increases from carbon to lead.

How many electrons does a group 14 element have?

The electronic configuration of these elements is shown below: As all the elements in group 14 have 4 electrons in the outermost shell, the valency of group 14 elements is 4. They use these electrons in the bond formation in order to obtain octet configuration.

What are the oxidation states of Group 14 elements?

They use these electrons in the bond formation in order to obtain octet configuration. The general oxidation states exhibited by the group 14 elements are +4, and +2. As we go down the group, the tendency to form +2 ion increases. This is due to inert pair effect.

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