Is CEA elevated in ovarian cancer?
Serum CEA is elevated in approximately 35% of all ovarian patients with cancer, 88% in mucinous and 19% in serous tumors (28).
What is a normal CEA test result?
The normal range is 0 to 2.5 ng/mL (0 to 2.5 µg/L). In smokers, slightly higher values may be considered normal (0 to 5 ng/mL, or 0 to 5 µg/L).
What is a high CEA level for Stage 4 colon cancer?
Conclusions Patients with stage IV colon and rectal cancer with a CEA level greater than or equal to 275 ng/mL and an ALB level less than 2.7g/dL had a significantly shorter survival time.
How fast does CEA increase?
Two distinct patterns of CEA rise were observed: a ‘fast’ rise in which serum concentrations reached 100 microgram/l within 6 months of the first elevation and a ‘slow’ rise in which concentrations remained less than 75 microgram/l for at least 12 months.
How high is CEA in colon cancer?
Elevated serum CEA is found in 17∼47% of colorectal cancer patients [5, 6]. The prognostic impact of pretreatment CEA level (pre-CEA) of rectal cancer has been studied in several studies and pre-CEA of 5 ng/ml or higher is proven to be associated with poor prognosis [7–10].
Can chemo raise CEA levels?
Can CEA levels increase with chemotherapy treatment? Yes, CEA “flares” during chemotherapy don’t mean the cancer is progressing. Cancer patients whose CEA blood tests rise at the beginning of chemotherapy and then fall (CEA flare) do better than patients with a consistently rising CEA.
What causes a CEA to rise?
The most frequent cancer which causes an increased CEA is cancer of the colon and rectum. Benign conditions which can elevate CEA include smoking, infections, inflammatory bowel disease, pancreatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, and some benign tumors in the same organs in which an elevated CEA level indicates cancer.
What are the specificities of CEA for cancer?
The specificities of the CEA for the cancers of the colon and rectum were at 76.98% with a reference value of 5 ng/ml and 86% with a reference value of 10 ng/ml . Since there are a number of non-malignant etiologies of elevated CEA level, its use as a screening tool for cancers is not encouraged.
How long does it take for CEA levels to go down?
Patients with stage III disease had a median time to recurrence of 13 months if preoperative levels were > 5 ng/mL, and 28 months if < 5 mg/mL.  Patients with stage II disease were evaluated for outcome based on preoperative CEA level.
What are the CEA and CA19-9 levels?
He visited the emergency department because of a loss of appetite and abdominal pain. The serum CEA and CA19-9 levels were increased to 218.9 ng/mL (normal, <5 ng/mL) and 212 ng/mL (normal, <27 ng/mL), respectively. The serum PSA level was slightly elevated (4.41 ng/mL).
What should the serum CEA level be after surgery?
Mostly, the recurrences developed either in the liver or in the lung. The results are considered to give a new indicator for the prognosis of colorectal cancer patients after surgery. In most of the 14 patients, the serum CEA level after operation decreased to a normal level.