How does air pollution affect Nigeria?
Air contamination across the African continent kills over 700,000 people annually; more people die from air pollution than unsanitary hygiene practices and undernourishment. Casualties as a result of the air pollution crisis in Nigeria has increased by nearly 40 percent in the last 30 years.
What are the 6 effects of air pollution?
Long-term health effects from air pollution include heart disease, lung cancer, and respiratory diseases such as emphysema. Air pollution can also cause long-term damage to people’s nerves, brain, kidneys, liver, and other organs. Some scientists suspect air pollutants cause birth defects.
What are the effects of air pollution in Lagos?
A recent World Bank study, the Cost of Air Pollution in Lagos, estimates that illness and premature deaths due to ambient air pollution caused losses of $2.1 billion in 2018, representing about 2.1% of Lagos State’s GDP. In the same year, it caused an estimated 11,200 premature deaths, the highest in West Africa.
Does Lagos have pollution?
While WHO recommends an acceptable annual mean PM2.5 concentration level of 10 μg/m3, Lagos has recorded levels of 68 μg/m3, in the same range as other polluted megacities such as Beijing (73 μg/m3), Cairo (76 μg/m3) and Mumbai (64 μg/m3). Road transport is the main source of ambient air pollution.
What are the harmful effects of air?
It increases the risk of respiratory infections, heart disease and lung cancer. Both short and long term exposure to air pollutants have been associated with health impacts. More severe impacts affect people who are already ill. Children, the elderly and poor people are more susceptible.
Why is pollution a problem in Lagos?
The major sources of pollution are road transport, industrial emissions, and generators aggravated by open burning and illegal dumping of waste. If as experts predict, Lagos becomes the world’s largest city by 2100, the sources of pollution will likely increase as industry grows and transportation needs soar.
What are the effects of air pollution in Nigeria?
Exposure to air pollution also increases the risk of developing cancer. In order to effectively handle the air pollution crisis in Nigeria, it is important for the country to provide regular inspections of automobiles to ensure that older cars are not releasing harmful chemicals into the atmosphere.
Which is the most polluted city in Nigeria?
The report also ranked Kano in Nigeria the most polluted city in Africa. According to updated figures from the Health Effects Institute (HEI) and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation’s (IHME), more than 64,000 people died from household air pollution in Nigeria in 2017.
Where is the highest air pollution in Africa?
The plots above show indoor air pollution related-deaths in Nigeria between 1990 and 2017. According to the 2019 State of Global Air (SOGA) report released on Wednesday 3 April 2019, Western Sub-Saharan Africa had the second highest PM2.5 exposures in the world, with Niger (94 μg/m3) ranked the highest.
What are the effects of poor air quality?
• Researchers from Imperial College London and the Center for Air, Climate and Energy Solutions Carnegie Mellon University have found that poor air quality in the United States may be linked with early deaths and reduced life expectancy.