What did Radisson and Groseilliers discover?
Pierre-Esprit Radisson (1636–1710) and Médard Chouart, Sieur des Groseilliers (1618–1710), were the first Europeans to penetrate deep into the forest belt of northern Canada, to negotiate trading agreements with the Cree, to explore the upper reaches of the Mississippi and Missouri, and to establish the durable trading …
What did Medard Chouart Des Groseilliers do?
Médard Chouart Des Groseilliers, explorer, fur trader (bap at Charly-sur-Marne, France 31 July 1618; d at New France 1696?). A man of courage who valued personal freedom and initiative, Des Groseilliers opened Lakes Michigan and Superior to the fur trade and Jesuit missionaries.
Who was Radisson and Groseilliers?
Radisson and des Groseilliers. The Hudson’s Bay Company played a leading role in the European expansion into the Canadian West. The British fur trading giant began with a most unlikely pair of French fur traders – Mdard Chouart des Groseilliers and his more flamboyant brother-in-law, Pierre Esprit Radisson.
What did Pierre Radisson discover?
In 1681 Radisson headed out to found a fort on the Nelson River under a French flag, albeit against the wishes of the French state. He did so as a means of capturing the market, fearing the construction of a British fort on the same river and thus further dominance of the bay by the Hudson’s Bay Company.
What was the contribution of Radisson and Groseilliers the exploration of North America?
In August 1682, Radisson and Des Groseilliers lead two Company ships to the Monsoni (Hayes) River, at the southern tip of James Bay. They snatch Fort Nelson from the English, seize a ship from Boston and return with an impressive cargo of furs.
What is a primary source for Pierre Radisson?
The Collected Writings. Volume I: The Voyages | The Publications of the Champlain Society. The writings of Pierre-Esprit Radisson (c. 1640-1710) constitute vital primary sources for Iroquois, Huron, and other aboriginal cultures in the seventeenth century.
How do you pronounce Groseilliers?
Phonetic spelling of groseilliers
What is médard Chouart Des Groseilliers cultural heritage?
Médard Chouart Des Groseilliers , a native of Champagne, was baptized on July 31, 1618 at Charly-sur-Marne. Except for having spent some time in Touraine, nothing is known of his life before his arrival in New France in 1641.
What happened to the original Nonsuch?
It was shipped to Montreal in 1970 and displayed on the Great Lakes and Pacific Coast for three summers. It was then installed in the new Manitoba Museum in Winnipeg, where it remains a permanent exhibit. The Nonsuch replica is considered one of the most accurate reconstructions of a 17th-century ship.
Why is Thanadelthur important to Canada?
Significance. Establishing peace between Indigenous foes in the early 18th century, Thanadelthur was key to the success of the HBC’s expansion in northern Canada. The country commemorated her in 2000 as a person of national historic significance.
Where did Pierre-Esprit explore?
Radisson, Pierre-Esprit In 1659 he was taken on an unlicenced fur-trading expedition to Lakes Superior and Michigan by his sister’s husband, Médard Chouart DES GROSEILLIERS. In the lands beyond they found a “great store of beaver” and heard of “the Bay of the North Sea” that gave direct access to the region.
Where was Pierre-Esprit Radisson from?
Pierre-Esprit Radisson/Place of birth
Where did Medard des Groseilliers get his name?
Médard Chouart was born in Charly-sur-Marne, Champagne province, France, to Médard Chouart, his father and Marie Poirier. He also had a cousin named Médard Chouart. He later called himself Sieur des Groseilliers after a farm his parents managed in Bassevelle.
When did Chouart des Groseilliers get his peace?
In 1654 a peace was arranged between the French and the Iroquois and the western Indians did arrive late in the summer, bringing furs and news of “a great river” above their country “which empties into a great sea.” This was enticement enough for Des Groseilliers.
Where did the Groseilliers sail to in 1668?
Three years later (1668), with the backing of Prince Rupert and London merchants, Groseilliers sailed from London to the mouth of the Rupert R in the 45-t ketch NONSUCH, commanded by Zachariah Gillam, where the crew wintered and traded for furs.
Why did Radisson and Groseilliers go to France?
Radisson and Groseilliers sailed to France in 1683 for adjudication on the tax matter. The French government found in favour of the British, whose leader the Duke of York was France’s best chance to re-convert the English back to Catholicism.