What was the response to the 1989 Newcastle earthquake?
After the Newcastle Earthquake in 1989, many individuals, local communities and the governments rallied together in Australia to help restore the lives of those affected. The New South Wales Department of Community Services established an office in Newcastle to deal with problems that resulted from the earthquake.
How did the Newcastle earthquake affect people?
The earthquake caused 13 fatalities; 160 people were injured. The impact on infrastructure was widespread, with damage caused to roads, bridges and power lines. Fifty thousand building were damaged – of those, 40,000 were homes.
Who did the Newcastle earthquake effect?
The earthquake caused damage to over 35,000 homes, 147 schools, and 3,000 commercial and/or other buildings, with significant damage (i.e. damage worth over $1,000; $2,100 in 2018 adjusted for inflation) caused to 10,000 homes and 42 schools (structural damage), within the immediate Newcastle area.
What was the aftermath of the Newcastle earthquake?
The damage bill was estimated at A$4 billion, with over 35,000 homes, 147 schools, and 3,000 other buildings damaged over an area of 9,000 km2. Around 300,000 people were affected by the damage and 1,000 were made homeless. Although earthquakes are not common in Australia, they are by no means unknown.
Is Newcastle on a fault line?
The earthquake activity in the Newcastle region is south of the north and east dipping Hunter- Mooki Fault System.
What were the causes of the 1989 Newcastle earthquake?
The magnitude 5.6 quake that struck Newcastle, in New South Wales, on December 28, 1989, killed 13 people, injured 160, and caused 3.5 billion U.S. dollars worth of damage. That quake was triggered by changes in tectonic forces caused by 200 years of underground coal mining, according to a study by Christian D.
What time of day was the Newcastle earthquake?
At 10.27am on Thursday, 28 December 1989, Newcastle was devastated by an ML 5.6 (Richter magnitude) earthquake. This was one of the most serious natural disasters in Australia’s history.
Where does the earthquake occur the most often and why?
Over 80 per cent of large earthquakes occur around the edges of the Pacific Ocean, an area known as the ‘Ring of Fire’; this where the Pacific plate is being subducted beneath the surrounding plates. The Ring of Fire is the most seismically and volcanically active zone in the world.
What was the intensity of the Newcastle earthquake?
What year was the earthquake in Newcastle?
December 28, 1989
1989 Newcastle earthquake/Start dates
Which is the strongest earthquake in the world?
Science Center Objects
|2.||9.2||1964 Great Alaska Earthquake, Prince William Sound Earthquake, Good Friday Earthquake|
|3.||9.1||Sumatra-Andaman Islands Earthquake, 2004 Sumatra Earthquake and Tsunami, Indian Ocean Earthquake|
Where do 90% of earthquakes occur?
Ring of Fire
The “Ring of Fire”, also called the Circum-Pacific belt, is the zone of earthquakes surrounding the Pacific Ocean- about 90% of the world’s earthquakes occur there.
What was the magnitude of the 1989 Newcastle earthquake?
At 10.27am on Thursday, 28 December 1989, Newcastle was devastated by an ML 5.6 ( MW 5.4) earthquake. This was one of the most significant natural disasters in Australia’s history.
What was the effect of the Newcastle earthquake?
Summary The Newcastle earthquake of 1989 had a significant effect on the high voltage transmission assets of the NSW electricity supply grid operated by the Electricity Commission of NSW. Multiple failures of equipment, mainly switchgear, occurred in a number of the electricity substations closest to the earthquake epicentre.
How did the New South Wales government respond to the earthquake?
The New South Wales Department of Community Services established an office in Newcastle to deal with problems that resulted from the earthquake. This involved processing applications for special earthquake assistance, and organizing funds and donations.
What was the power load in Newcastle in 1989?
2. THE NEWCASTLE EARTHQUAKE, 28THDECEMBER 1989 The NSW Power System was operating normally on the morning of the 28thDecember 1989, delivering a state system load of 5625 MW.