What is ophthalmic artery?
Ophthalmic artery (OA) is the first intracranial branch of internal carotid artery (ICA). It arises soon after ICA emerges from cavernous sinus, follows a short intracranial course, transverses the optic canal, and enters the orbit.
What is ophthalmic artery aneurysm?
loss. Carotid-ophthalmic artery aneurysms are a rare but serious cause of visual loss, resulting from direct compression of the optic nerve or chiasm. These aneurysms may mimic other causes of optic atrophy such as glaucoma. The coexistence of two causes of optic atrophy may lead to difficulties in diagnosis.
What is internal carotid artery?
The internal carotid arteries are branches of the common carotid arteries that bifurcate into the internal and external carotids at the level of the carotid sinus.  After this bifurcation, the internal carotids traverse through the base of the skull to reach the vital organs that they supply.
What does the opthalmic artery supply?
It supplies the eyelids, lacrimal gland, and conjunctiva. The ophthalmic artery gives off several posterior ciliary arteries that pass through the sclera and supply the posterior uveal tract. Because the posterior ciliary vessels are end vessels, sudden occlusion can produce infarction in the region of the choroid.
Is the ophthalmic artery in the brain?
The ophthalmic artery and its branches. Diagram of the arterial circulation at the base of the brain (inferior view). Ophthalmic artery labeled at upper right. The ophthalmic artery (OA) is the first branch of the internal carotid artery distal to the cavernous sinus.
Where does the ophthalmic artery branch?
The ophthalmic artery (OA) is the first branch of the internal carotid artery distal to the cavernous sinus. Branches of the OA supply all the structures in the orbit as well as some structures in the nose, face and meninges. Occlusion of the OA or its branches can produce sight-threatening conditions.
What is the anatomy of the ophthalmic artery?
Anatomy of ophthalmic artery has been thoroughly studied and reviewed in many anatomical and surgical textbooks and papers. Issues of interest are its intracranial and extracranial course, its branches, its importance for vision, and its interaction with various intracranial pathologies.
Which is the best definition of the term anastomosis?
Vein skeleton of a Hydrangea leaf showing anastomoses of veins. An anastomosis (plural anastomoses) is a connection or opening between two things (especially cavities or passages) that are normally diverging or branching, such as between blood vessels, leaf veins, or streams.
Which is the cavernous origin of the ophthalmic artery?
Dorsal Ophthalmic Artery — Cavernous Origin of the Ophthalmic Artery — this rare disposition corresponds to persistence of embryonic dorsal ophthalmic artery, essentially representing an ILT origin of the ophthalmic.
What is the difference between portacaval and anastomosis?
Portacaval anastomosis, by contrast, is an anastomosis between a vein of the portal circulation and a vein of the systemic circulation, which allows blood to bypass the liver in patients with portal hypertension, often resulting in hemorrhoids, esophageal varices, or caput medusae.