What is the lamellae of bone?
Each osteon consists of concentric layers, or lamellae, of compact bone tissue that surround a central canal, the haversian canal. The haversian canal contains the bone’s blood supplies. Near the surface of the compact bone, the lamellae are arranged parallel to the surface; these are called circumferential lamellae.
What type of lamellae is found in the osteon of compact bone?
Except at its edge, the osseous tissue of compact bone is arranged in cylindrical osteons. Each osteon is a compact cylinder of concentric lamellae. The only cells in an osteon are the osteocytes that are found on the edges of each lamella.
What is the function of the lamellae in the bone?
It is therefore proposed that the lamellar structure is multifunctional-the “concrete” of the bone family of materials. Experimentally measured mechanical properties of lamellar bone demonstrate a clear-cut anisotropy with respect to the axis direction of long bones.
What are osteons and lamellae?
Osteon, the chief structural unit of compact (cortical) bone, consisting of concentric bone layers called lamellae, which surround a long hollow passageway, the Haversian canal (named for Clopton Havers, a 17th-century English physician).
Are lamellae found in compact bone?
Compact bone consists of closely packed osteons or haversian systems. The osteon consists of a central canal called the osteonic (haversian) canal, which is surrounded by concentric rings (lamellae) of matrix. Between the rings of matrix, the bone cells (osteocytes) are located in spaces called lacunae.
Where is compact bone found?
Compact bone forms a shell around cancellous bone and is the primary component of the long bones of the arm and leg and other bones, where its greater strength and rigidity are needed.
Is osteon compact bone?
Compact bone consists of closely packed osteons or haversian systems. The osteon consists of a central canal called the osteonic (haversian) canal, which is surrounded by concentric rings (lamellae) of matrix.
Are osteoclasts immature?
Bone is specialized connective tissue with a calcified extracellular matrix (bone matrix) and 3 major cell types: the osteoblast, osteocyte, and osteoclast. The first type of bone formed developmentally is primary or woven bone (immature). This immature bone is later replaced by secondary or lamellar bone (mature).
Where are lamellae found?
The lamellae are concentrically located around a central canal (haversian canal) which contained blood vessels, nerves, and loose connective tissue.