What is the definition of a discriminative stimulus?
Discriminative Stimulus (and Generalization) The discriminative stimulus is the cue (stimulus) that is present when the behavior is reinforced. The animal learns to exhibit the behavior in the presence of the discriminative stimulus.
What is descriptive stimulus?
10 Discriminative Stimulus. A discriminative stimulus is the antecedent stimulus that has stimulus control over behavior because the behavior was reliably reinforced in the presence of that stimulus in the past. The abbreviation for discriminative stimulus is “Sd.”
What is an antecedent stimulus provide an example?
What is an antecedent stimulus? Provide an example. stimuli or events that precede an operant response. EXAMPLE: the presence of a particular person. What does it mean when we say that the effects of reinforcement are situation-specific?
What is an example of discriminative stimuli?
A discriminative stimulus (Sd or SD) is created when the response is reinforced in its presence, but not when it is absent1. For example, a child requests to watch TV and historically, he is granted more screen time when his Mom has to get on a conference call for work, but never when she doesn’t have to take a call.
What happens when a discriminative stimulus is present?
The presence of a discriminative stimulus causes a behavior to occur. Stimulus discrimination training may also occur with punishment. A behavior is less likely to occur in the presence of the SD. A behavior is more likely to occur in the presence of the S-Delta.
How do you explain a stimulus control?
“Stimulus control is a term used to describe situations in which a behavior is triggered by the presence or absence of some stimulus. For example, if you always eat when you watch TV, your eating behavior is controlled by the stimulus of watching TV.
What is the antecedent of a behavior?
What is an antecedent? In technical terms, antecedents of behavior are stimulus events, situations, or circumstances that precede an operant response (Miltenberger, 2004). In Laymen terms, an antecedent is what was happening or what/who was present right before the behavior occurred.
What are the two main types of antecedent stimuli?
positive (obtaining desired stimuli) or negative (escape/avoid undesired stimuli) reinforcement. (also known as “discriminative stimuli”) are different types of antecedents to behavior/consequent contingencies.
How do you establish a stimulus control?
Reinforcement and extinction of behaviors are the fundamentals in creating stimulus control. When the stimulus is present, the desired behavior is reinforced. When the stimulus is absent, the behavior is ignored or put on extinction.
What do you mean by operationalization in psychology?
Operationalization. It determines how the researchers are going to measure an emotion or concept, such as the level of distress or aggression. Such measurements are arbitrary, but allow others to replicate the research, as well as perform statistical analysis of the results.
How is an operational definition of a construct defined?
Operational definition: defines a construct by specifying the procedures used to.
Why is operationalization important in social science research?
For many fields, such as social science, which often use ordinal measurements, operationalization is essential. It determines how the researchers are going to measure an emotion or concept, such as the level of distress or aggression. Such measurements are arbitrary, but allow others to replicate the research,…
What are the steps in the operationalization process?
There are 3 main steps for operationalization: Identify the main concepts you are interested in studying. Choose a variable to represent each of the concepts. Select indicators for each of your variables. 1. Identify the main concepts you are interested in studying.