What does the term bottom-up processing mean quizlet?
Define bottom-up processing. Involves processing information by starting with the individual elements of a visual stimulus and gradually building up a final representation and interpretation (Grivas, et al, 2006). Focusus on gestalt, depth and constancy principles.
What is an example of bottom-up processing?
Bottom-up processing takes place as it happens. For example, if you see an image of an individual letter on your screen, your eyes transmit the information to your brain, and your brain puts all of this information together.
What is bottom-up and top-down processing quizlet?
Terms in this set (4) bottom-up processing. stimulus influences our perception. -data driven. top-down processing. uses background knowledge to influence perception.
What differentiates bottom-up processing from top-down?
Bottom-up refers to the way it is built up from the smallest pieces of sensory information. Top-down processing, on the other hand, refers to perception that is driven by cognition. Your brain applies what it knows and what it expects to perceive and fills in the blanks, so to speak.
What is the best example of top-down processing?
One classic example of top-down processing in action is a phenomenon known as the Stroop effect. In this task, people are shown a list of words printed in different colors. They’re then asked to name the ink color, rather than the word itself.
Which of the following is an example of top-down processing?
One classic example of top-down processing in action is a phenomenon known as the Stroop effect. In this task, people are shown a list of words printed in different colors. They’re then asked to name the ink color, rather than the word itself. Top-down processing explains why this task is so difficult.
What is another name for top-down processing?
In top-down processing, perceptions are interpreted from individual frameworks that help us perceive and interpret information. These frameworks, also known as schemas, are constructed from past experiences, prior knowledge, emotions, and expectations (Piaget, 1953).
What is an example of top-down?
So, for example, people have a harder time when the word “red” is printed in green ink instead of red ink. Top-down processing explains why this task is so difficult. People automatically recognize the word before they think about the specific features of that word (like what color it’s written in).
Which one is best bottom-up or top-down listening?
Top-down strategies focus on the ‘big’ picture and general meaning of a listening text. Bottom-up strategies, on the other hand, focus on listening for details and involve tasks that focus on understanding at a sound or word level. Tasks are ‘intensive’, as they focus on looking for particular details.