What does kingpin angle effect?
The kingpin angle has an important effect on steering, making it tend to return to the straight ahead or centre position because the straight ahead position is where the suspended body of the vehicle is at its lowest point.
What does King pin inclination mean?
Swivel pin or kingpin inclination is the lateral inward tilt (inclination) from the top between the upper and lower swivel ball joints or the kingpin to the vertical (Figure 10.3).
What does kingpin offset mean?
The kingpin offset is the “lever arm” of the longitudinal forces at the wheel center. It produces a self-centering action of steering, mainly sensitive at low speed. At high speed, it is usually minimal compared to other effects such as the caster angle effect.
Is KPI and sai the same?
King pin inclination (also referred to as the steering axis inclination, SAI or KPI) is quite simply the axis about which the wheels steer. Generally, the greater the KPI angle, the more straight line stability the vehicle will have, KPI is also a factor when considering bump steer and scrub radius.
What is the cause of noise in steering?
When the power steering rack is worn out, it starts making noise while turning. This whining sound is most recognizable while driving at a slower pace. Sometimes a bad belt or vane pump can also cause this problem. Tie rods enable the wheels to move in response when you turn a steering wheel.
What is the value of kingpin inclination angle?
|Specified Values||Observed Values|
|Wheel camber||+2 deg||+1 deg (less than spec,)|
|Kingpin inclination||6 deg||7 deg (more than spec,)|
|Included angle||( +2 deg 6 deg ) = 8 deg||8 deg = constant|
Is positive or negative caster preferred Why?
Increasing the amount of positive caster will increase steering effort and straight line tracking, as well as improve high speed stability and cornering effectiveness. Positive caster also increases tire lean when cornering (almost like having more negative camber) as the steering angle is increased.
What is KPI on steering?
This angle is known as the king pin inclination. The purpose of the KPI is to produce vertical displacement of the vehicle in during steering in an upward direction. The larger the KPI, the larger the effect. This lifting effect produces a self centering torque similar to that of caster.
What is the effect of kingpin inclination angle and wheel offset?
“The Effect of Kingpin Inclination Angle and Wheel Offset on Medium-Duty Truck Handling,” SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-2732, 2001, https://doi.org/10.4271/2001-01-2732. Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE’s content. Learn More »
What is the theory of the kingpin angle?
Kingpin Inclination Angle Theory. The kingpin inclination is the angle, measured in degrees, that forms the line passing through the kingpin and the perpendicular to the ground, looking at the vehicle from the front,
How is wheel camber angle related to Kingpin?
Wheel camber angle was devised to reduce the kingpin offset, which is the distance between the projection to the ground level of the kingpin axis and the point of contact with the tyre,
How does a king pin affect the steering wheel?
This returnability ultimately affects the stability of vehicle….. (read more) The king pin inclination affects the returnability which is the tendency of the steering wheel to self-center during dynamic condition. This returnability ultimately affects the stability of vehicle.