What are some delivery complications?
What are some common complications during labor and delivery?
- Labor that does not progress.
- Perineal tears.
- Problems with the umbilical cord.
- Abnormal heart rate of the baby.
- Water breaking early.
- Perinatal asphyxia.
- Shoulder dystocia.
- Excessive bleeding.
Why is face presentation bad during labor?
Face presentation increases the risk of facial edema, skull molding, breathing problems (due to tracheal and laryngeal trauma), prolonged labor, fetal distress, spinal cord injuries, permanent brain damage, and neonatal death. Usually, medical staff conduct a vaginal examination to determine the position of the baby.
What are the causes of Occipitoposterior op position?
The occipitoposterior position in the main is caused by the adaptation of the head to a pelvis having a narrow fore pelvis and an ample anteroposterior diameter and therefore may be considered “physiologic.”
What are abnormal positions for delivery?
Normally, the position of a fetus is facing rearward (toward the woman’s back) with the face and body angled to one side and the neck flexed, and presentation is head first. An abnormal position is facing forward, and abnormal presentations include face, brow, breech, and shoulder.
What is an op baby?
What does it mean if baby is ‘sunny side up’? Also known as the occiput posterior position (OP), or posterior position, a sunny side up baby is a baby positioned head down but facing mom’s abdomen, so the baby’s occipital bone (the skull) is against the back of your pelvis.
Is the op position a malpresentation for delivery?
OP position is a malpresentation for delivery. Previous observations have shown an increase of short- and long-term complications, such as an abnormally prolonged labour, maternal and fetal exhaustion, instrumental delivery, emergency caesarean delivery, and severe perineal tears [5–8][9–12].
Can a woman with persistent occiput posterior position have a spontaneous delivery?
In our population, the chances that a laboring woman with persistent occiput posterior position will have a spontaneous vaginal delivery are only 26% for nulliparas and 57% for multiparas. Apgar Score Body Height Cesarean Section Cohort Studies
What happens when a baby is born in the op position?
Chorioamnionitis, also called intra-amniotic infection (IAI), is the inflammation of the fetal membrane due to bacterial infection A baby delivered in the OP position might have chances of a low APGAR score (less than 7), meconium-stained amniotic fluid, meconium aspiration birth trauma, NICU admissions, and longer neonatal stay (5)
Is it safe to deliver a baby with compound presentation?
Often, the safest way to deliver a baby with compound presentation is C-section, because complications like dystocia and cord prolapse carry risks of severe adverse outcomes, including cerebral palsy, intellectual and developmental disabilities, and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) (3).