What is fractional excretion of sodium used for?
The test is usually done for people who are very ill with acute kidney disease. The test helps determine if the drop in urine production is due to reduced blood flow to the kidney or to kidney damage itself.
What does fractional excretion of sodium measure?
The fractional excretion of sodium (FENa) measures the percent of filtered sodium that is excreted in the urine.
Why is FENa high in post renal?
In contrast, in a person whose acute renal failure is caused by ATN, a disorder of the renal tubules, more than 2% of the filtered sodium is typically excreted. This excess excretion of sodium occurs because the renal tubules themselves are damaged in ATN, and are unable to reabsorb sodium efficiently.
What is the normal urine sodium level?
For adults, normal urine sodium values are generally 20 mEq/L in a random urine sample and 40 to 220 mEq per day. Your result depends on how much fluid and sodium or salt you take in. The examples above are common measurements for results of these tests.
Is FENa accurate in CKD?
The FENa is most useful in the setting of oliguric acute kidney injury, and in the absence of metabolic alkalosis, significant CKD, or diuretic use. A value 1% suggests ATN.
Does drinking water help eliminate sodium?
Drinking lots of water helps flush sodium from your kidneys; staying hydrated will also help you feel less bloated.
Does peeing reduce sodium?
If you have too much sodium, your kidneys absorb it and clear it from your body through urine. But if you have kidney damage, your kidneys may not be able to remove the sodium the way they should.
What does fractional excretion of sodium tell you?
Fractional Excretion of Sodium (FENa) – MDCalc Fractional Excretion of Sodium (FENa) Determines if renal failure is due to pre-renal, intrinsic, or post-renal pathology.
What does it mean when your fractional excretion is low?
Low fractional excretion indicates sodium retention by the kidney, suggesting pathophysiology extrinsic to the urinary system such as volume depletion or decrease in effective circulating volume (e.g. low output heart failure). Higher values can suggest sodium wasting due to acute tubular necrosis or other causes…
How much sodium do you excrete in a day?
A FENa of 1% in this setting represents sodium excretion of 252 mEq/day. This is higher than the average sodium intake of 80 to 250 mEq/day. This is the physiologic basis for hypothesizing that patients with normal GFR have a FENa below 1%.
How is fractional excretion used to determine kidney clearance?
Fractional excretion of other substances can be measured to determine kidney clearance including urea, uric acid, and lithium. These can be used in patients undergoing diuretic therapy, since diuretics induce a natriuresis. Thus, the urinary sodium concentration and FE Na may be higher in patients receiving diuretics in spite of prerenal pathology.