What is the primary site for lymphoma?
The majority of lymphomas arise in lymph nodes (topography C77. _) or lymphatic tissue, such as tonsils, spleen, Waldeyer ring, Peyer patches in the small intestine, or thymus; these are all considered “nodal” lymphomas. Lymphomas can also arise from lymphatic cells in organs, for example stomach or intestine.
How do you treat intestinal lymphoma?
At present, the best treatment for gastrointestinal lymphoma (stage IE disease) is limited resection of the tumor, followed by postoperative radiotherapy. The cure rate is approximately 75% for stage IE patients, even for those with aggressive histologic types. Chemotherapy is reserved for advanced-staged tumors.
What causes small bowel lymphoma?
Small bowel lymphoma is most commonly secondary extranodal involvement in widespread systemic lymphoma. When primary it is seen predominantly in well-defined patient groups, and the demographics, therefore, match those groups. Predisposing conditions include 1: HIV/AIDS.
How common is intestinal lymphoma?
Monomorphic epitheliotropic intestinal T-cell lymphoma (MEITL) accounts for around 1 in every 5 cases of intestinal T-cell lymphoma.
What staging scheme is commonly used for lymphoma?
The Ann Arbor staging classification is commonly used for the staging of lymphomas and is the scheme defined in the AJCC Manual for Staging Cancer. Originally developed for Hodgkin’s disease, this staging scheme was later expanded to include non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
What does Stage 3 lymphoma mean?
Stage 3 means that there are lymph nodes that contain lymphoma on both sides of the diaphragm.
Does lymphoma affect the bowels?
Lymphoma, and some of the treatments for lymphoma, can cause bowel problems such as diarrhoea, constipation and wind (flatulence). Although these are usually mild and temporary, any change in bowel habits can have a considerable impact on your day-to-day life.