What is an Australian Federation house?
Federation architecture is the architectural style in Australia that was prevalent from around 1890 to 1915. In Australia, Federation architecture is generally associated with cottages in the Queen Anne style, but some consider that there were twelve main styles that characterized the Federation period.
What is Federation style housing?
The features of a Federation style are the woodwork used in the home from the skirting boards to the architraves and wall panelling. Then the filigree and work in the verandah out the front and the beautiful windows around the outskirts of the house bring in the Federation look and feel.
What do Federation houses look like?
Federation or Edwardian homes are distinguished by their red brick exterior, stained glass, bay windows, return verandahs, tessellated tiles, pressed-metal ceilings, finials, turned-timber posts and fretwork, a long central corridor, and roofs in either slate or terracotta tiles.
What year were Californian bungalows built in Australia?
Californian bungalows were a favourite form of residential architecture in Australia from 1913 onwards, a popularity that endured well into the 70s and even 80s. Whilst still an adored Australian residential archetype, many of these homes now require modernising, some with the challenges of a heritage overlay.
What era is Federation style?
Federation/Edwardian (1901–1920) Known as both the Federation and Edwardian era, this architectural style ranged from approximately 1901 to 1920. Beginning after the federation of Australia in 1901, this architectural style drew on the influences of both the Victorian and Queen Anne periods.
What do u mean by federation?
1 : an encompassing political or societal entity formed by uniting smaller or more localized entities: such as. a : a federal government. b : a union of organizations.
What’s the difference between Edwardian and Victorian houses?
Edwardian properties So, unlike the smaller, darker Victorian homes, Edwardian houses were more squat, wider and roomy, with bigger hallways and more windows. It’s common for an Edwardian property to have a front garden and be set back from the pavement, as there was an ever-increasing desire for privacy at that time.
Why does America have so many bungalows?
American bungalows could be built for as little as $900 before World War I; as a result, they helped many Americans fulfill their wish of owning a home. The American bungalow’s simple lines allowed for easy and fast construction, which led to precut “kit homes” that could be shipped anywhere near a railway.
Why are bungalows so popular?
Space, access and privacy Most bungalows in the UK were built before the turn of the century, when the trend for fitting lots of properties on to plots of land became more prevalent. That means bungalows generally come with more space. In turn, those bigger plots mean more space between properties and so more privacy.
What is an example of federation?
Germany, with its 16 states, or Länder, is an example of a federation. Brazil became a federation only after the fall of the monarchy, and Venezuela became a federation after the Federal War. Australia and Canada are also federations.
What are the two types of federation?
There are two types of federation: Coming together Federation and Holding together Federation. Federalism has dual objectives of safeguarding and promoting unity of the country and recognizing regional diversity by way of mutual trust and agreement of living together.
What kind of roof does a Federation Bungalow have?
The Federation Bungalow can be seen as a transition phase between the Federation Queen Anne style and the California Bungalow style that took hold later. Later Bungalow roofs are simple flattened A-frame roofs, usually with gables at each end and they usually have a T-shape or L-shape in plan.
Who was the creator of the Federation Bungalow?
The unique Australian Federation Bungalow style was the Australian response to the bungalow style that was developed in America by people like Gustav Stickley. Gustav Stickley was a furniture manufacturer, design leader, publisher and the chief proselytizer for the American Craftsman style, an extension of the British Arts and Crafts movement.
Where did the Australian bungalow style come from?
It reached a zenith in both style and popularity during the 1920s and carried well beyond 1930″. (Donald Johnson – Australian Architecture 1901-51: Sources of Modernism) The Bungalow style in Australia originated in California USA, while its name is derived from ‘ bangla ‘, a Hindu term for the style ‘belonging to Bengal’.
What was the name of the Federation house in Sydney?
Contemporary descriptions refer to many of these houses as villas or residences, but seldom as bungalows, as Mr Martin Mills was aware when he got his teeth into the style. The term bungalow was perhaps used more often in Sydney than in Melbourne.