What is the 2nd declension neuter in Latin?

What is the 2nd declension neuter in Latin?

The genders of the 2nd Declension are masculine and neuter (not feminine). Generally, the nominative singular of masculine 2nd Declension nouns ends in either -us, -er, or -ir; the neuter nominative singular ends in -um.

What is the genitive singular ending for the second declension?

The genitive singular and the nominative plural endings are identical (-î). That means that only in the context of a sentence can one tell whether a second-declension noun ending in -i should be translated as “of X/X’s (genitive singular)” or “X-s (nominative plural).”

How do you know that a noun is second declension?

The second declension is characterized by an “-o”. Second declension nouns in Latin are mostly masculine or neuter, but there are also feminine nouns that are declined like masculine ones. The nominative of neuter nouns will always be the same as the accusative.

What declension is Dominus?

Masculine ‘-us’ ending

Case Singular Plural
Nominative dominus domini
Vocative domine domini
Accusative dominum dominos
Genitive domini dominorum

What are the two parts of the neuter rule?

Remember the Neuter Rule: The Nominative and the Accusative are always alike, and in the plural end in -a. Remember: i) The Accusative singular always ends in -m for masculine and feminine nouns. ii) The Ablative singular always ends in a vowel.

What are the first declension endings in Latin?

All the nouns in the first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence….First-declension nouns.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative -a -ae
Genitive -ae -arum
Dative -ae -is
Accusative -am -as

What case is the indirect object in Latin?

Indirect objects tend to be put into the DATIVE CASE. Door is the direct object, the DIRECT receiver of the action of the verb. Latin tends to use the ACCUSATIVE CASE for direct objects, although some verbs govern other cases. House’s is a noun indicating possession.

Why does Latin have three genders?

All nouns in Latin have a gender. There are three genders in the Latin language – masculine, feminine, and neuter. A noun’s gender doesn’t always have something to do with the noun – it’s just a grammatical quality.

What is a first and second declension?

1st declension nouns are (almost always) feminine in gender. 2nd declension nouns are masculine or neuter. Again, the gender is arbitrary, but the declension patterns are associated with certain grammatical genders. Adjectives, however, have no inherent gender.

Which is the plural vocative in second declension?

The singular vocative of second declension -us nouns is the only place in pure Latin in which the vocative ever differs from the nominative: -e instead of -us. The plural vocative is the same as the nominative.

What are the words of the second declension?

Latin words of the second declension are generally of masculine gender (ending in -us) or neuter gender (ending in -um), and have a genitive in -ī. Latin words borrowed from Ancient Greek’s second declension are inflected with a varying mixture of Greek and Latin endings. Examples

Is the vocative singular the same as the nominative?

The plural vocative is the same as the nominative. As seen in filius, filiī, the vocative singular changes the -ius into an -ī, instead of changing the -us into an -e. deus, -ī m has several irregular plural forms.

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