What is the plurality method?
Plurality voting is distinguished from a majoritarian electoral system in which a winning candidate must receive an absolute majority of votes: more votes than all other candidates combined. Under plurality voting, the leading candidate, whether he or she has majority of votes, is elected.
What is the majority method?
The criterion states that “if one candidate is ranked first by a majority (more than 50%) of voters, then that candidate must win”. Some methods that comply with this criterion include any Condorcet method, Instant-runoff voting, Bucklin voting, and Plurality voting.
What is the Hare method of voting?
The Hare quota is the simplest quota that can be used in elections held under the STV system. In an STV election a candidate who reaches the quota is elected while any votes a candidate receives above the quota are transferred to another candidate.
What is an example of plurality?
For example, if from 100 votes that were cast, 45 were for Candidate A, 30 were for Candidate B and 25 were for Candidate C, then Candidate A received a plurality of votes but not a majority. …
How much is a majority?
In parliamentary procedure, the term “majority” simply means “more than half.” As it relates to a vote, a majority vote is more than half of the votes cast. Abstentions or blanks are excluded in calculating a majority vote.
What’s the difference between a plurality and a majority?
In international institutional law, a “simple majority” (also a “majority”) vote is more than half of the votes cast (disregarding abstentions) among alternatives; a “qualified majority” (also a “supermajority”) is a number of votes above a specified percentage (e.g. two-thirds); a “relative majority” (also a ” …
Which is the correct definition of the Condorcet method?
A Condorcet method (English: /kɒndɔːrˈseɪ/) is an election method that elects the candidate that would win a majority of the vote in all of the head-to-head elections against each of the other candidates, whenever there is such a candidate.
Can a Condorcet method elect a different winner?
All Condorcet methods will elect the Condorcet winner if there is one. If there is no Condorcet winner different Condorcet-compliant methods may elect different winners in the case of a cycle – Condorcet methods differ on which other criteria they satisfy.
How are pairwise counts used in Condorcet counting?
Condorcet methods use pairwise counting. For each possible pair of candidates, one pairwise count indicates how many voters prefer one of the paired candidates over the other candidate, and another pairwise count indicates how many voters have the opposite preference.
Is the Smith set guaranteed to have the Condorcet winner?
The possibility of such cyclic preferences is known as the Condorcet paradox. However, a smallest group of candidates that beat all candidates not in the group, known as the Smith set, always exists. The Smith set is guaranteed to have the Condorcet winner in it should one exist.