What is Two-Nation Theory of Pakistan?
The two-nation theory (Urdu: دو قومی نظریہ do qaumī nazariya) is the basis of the creation of Pakistan. The two-nation theory in its simplest way means that cultural, political, religious, economic and social dissimilarities between the two major communities, Hindus and Muslims of the Subcontinent.
What was the concept of Two-Nation Theory?
According to this theory, Muslims and Hindus are two separate nations, with their own customs, religion, and traditions; therefore, from social and moral points of view, Muslims should be able to have their own separate homeland outside of Hindu-majority India, in which Islam is the dominant religion, and be segregated …
What was the role of Two-Nation Theory in the formation of Pakistan?
The Two-Nation Theory served as the basis of demand for Pakistan by the Muslims in British India. The Muslims wanted to preserve and protect their distinct identity and advance their interests in India.
Why was India split into 2 countries India and Pakistan?
Following riots in 1946 and 1947, the British expedited their retreat, planning Indian independence behind closed doors. The new map wasn’t revealed until August 17th, 1947— two days after independence. The provinces of Punjab and Bengal became the geographically separated East and West Pakistan.
What is the difference between ideology of Pakistan and two nation theory?
Pakistan is a state founded on ideological basis and not on territorial grounds. The two nation theory became a reality with distinct ideology called Pakistan ideology. Pakistan is purely an ideological state whose foundations have been laid on Islamic ideology based on the Quranic teachings and Sunnah.
What was the outcomes of two nation theory?
Answer: The immediate outcome of “Two Nations Theory” initiated by M.A. Jinnah in 1940, was the partition of British India into two nation-states: India. Pakistan.
What is the difference between ideology of Pakistan and Two Nation Theory?
What is Two Nation Theory of class 12?
The ‘Two Nation Theory’ means the cultural, political, religious, economic and social dissimilarities between the two major communities living in India; Hindus and Muslim. This theory gave rise the demand of two separate countries/nations one for Muslims (Pakistan) and one for Hindus (India).
What are the basic principles of ideology of Pakistan?
What are the basic principles of Pakistan Ideology. Basic principles of Pakistan Ideology are islam, democracy, social justice, sense of responsibilities and human rights. The Muslims believe that by virtue of their faith, they have an identity, separate and distinct from other nations of the world.
Why was India and Pakistan made into two separate countries?
The ideology that religion is the determining factor in defining the nationality of Indian Muslims was undertaken by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who termed it as the awakening of Muslims for the creation of Pakistan.
How does the two nation theory work in India?
Two-nation theory. In this version, a transfer of populations (i.e. the total removal of Hindus from Muslim-majority areas and the total removal of Muslims from Hindu-majority areas) is a desirable step towards a complete separation of two incompatible nations that “cannot coexist in a harmonious relationship”.
Which is the death of the two nation theory?
The then prime minister of India Ms. Indra Gandhi claimed that the birth of Bangladesh is the death of the two-nation theory If, as said, the ideology of Pakistan came to an end in 1971, then the objective behind the creation of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan would have come to an end too.
What was the purpose of the Indo Pak Confederation?
Indo-Pak Confederation proposals. An Indo-Pak Confederation is a concept advocating a political confederation of the sovereign states of Pakistan and India as means of ending bilateral conflicts and promoting common interests in defence, foreign affairs, culture and economic development.