What does glaucon say about justice?
Glaucon explains that justice is a social contract that emerges between people who are roughly equal in power so no one is able to oppress the others since the pain of suffering injustice outweighs the benefit of committing it.
What does glaucon mean by perfect injustice?
According to Thrasymachus, the tyrant, in seeking a life of perfect injustice, “overreaches” (pleonektein) in exploiting the many. This means that the tyrant always greedily seeks to acquire more than a fair share and as Thrasymachus puts it, “get the better in a big way” (343e).
Does glaucon argue that justice is not intrinsically good?
Glaucon argues that morality or justice is against our best interest. he point is to show that people don’t strive to do what is right because they think that justice is something that is intrinsically good, they only do it because they are afraid of the punishment.
Which category does glaucon place justice and why?
Glaucon says he bets most people would put justice in the third category, since it’s something they only do because 1) they think they have to and 2) they want to have a good reputation. Glaucon really wants to hear Socrates praise justice entirely for its own sake and not for the sake of its consequences.
What are the three classes of glaucon?
Glaucon states that all goods can be divided into three classes: things that we desire only for their consequences, such as physical training and medical treatment; things that we desire only for their own sake, such as joy; and, the highest class, things we desire both for their own sake and for what we get from them.
What are the three classes of Glaucon?
Is justice an intrinsic value?
Intrinsic value is also often taken to be pertinent to judgments about moral justice (whether having to do with moral rights or moral desert), insofar as it is good that justice is done and bad that justice is denied, in ways that appear intimately tied to intrinsic value.
Is justice instrumentally good?
Now, Glaucon explains, it appears that justice is a type of good like pain: justice is at best instrumentally good, but certainly not desirable for its own sake—and in fact people are reluctantly just. And to emphasize his point, Glaucon tells the story of Gyges.