What is macular hypoplasia?
Macular hypoplasia (or foveal hypoplasia), is a rare medical condition involving the underdevelopment of the macula, a small area on the retina (the eye’s internal surface) responsible for seeing in detail. Macular hypoplasia is often associated with albinism.
What is ocular albinism?
Ocular albinism is a genetic disorder characterized by vision abnormalities in affected males. Vision deficits are present at birth and do not become more severe over time. Affected individuals have normal skin and hair pigmentation.
Is hypoplasia A?
Hypoplasia describes a lack of cell growth, but aplasia is a complete lack of an organ or tissue. People with hypoplasia will have a tissue or organ with too few cells. Aplasia means that there is no tissue or organ at all.
Which is the correct description of foveal hypoplasia?
What is foveal hypoplasia. Foveal hypoplasia is a medical condition wherein there is an abnormality in the fovea which is part of the eye. The fovea is an important part of the retina in the eye, and it is composed of various cone cells that are responsible for giving good vision.
Can a foveal dysplasia be an ocular disorder?
With the widespread utilization of OCT measurements, we have learned that underdevelopment of the fovea can be a feature of numerous ocular disorders (more than 20 in this database). In most conditions, the foveal dysplasia is part of a disease complex as in foveal hypoplasia with anterior segment dysgenesis ( 609218 ).
What happens to your vision when you have foveal hypoplasia?
People with foveal or macular hypoplasia often present with problems in visual acuity. In simple terms, those with problems in their retina, macula, or fovea will have problems with their vision. Some will have blurring while others will have problems in terms of distinguishing light and different colors.
When to have cataract surgery for foveal hypoplasia?
In most conditions, the foveal dysplasia is part of a disease complex as in foveal hypoplasia with anterior segment dysgenesis ( 609218 ). Cataract surgery is indicated when lens opacities become visually significant.