What level is considered hypophosphatemia?
Hypophosphatemia is defined as an adult serum phosphate level of fewer than 2.5 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). The normal level of serum phosphate in children is considerably higher and 7 mg/dL for infants. Hypophosphatemia is a relatively common laboratory abnormality and is often an incidental finding.
What is a dangerously low phosphate level?
If your phosphorous levels are below 1.0 mg/dL, your tissues may have more trouble connecting hemoglobin with oxygen – which is critical for breathing. You may become mild to moderately short of breath. The symptoms that you notice, with lowered phosphate levels, are due to the disease that is causing this abnormality.
What medications treat hypophosphatemia?
Popular Hypophosphatemia Drugs
- vitamin D2$8.61. Drug Class: Vitamin D Analogues.
- K-Phos Neutral (phospha 250 neutral)$24.02. Drug Class: Phosphate Supplements.
- K-Phos$35.00. Drug Class: Phosphate Supplements.
- K-Phos 2$33.62. Drug Class: Phosphate Supplements.
- K-Phos MF.
When do you treat hypophosphatemia?
Severe hypophosphatemia (< 1.0 mg/dL [0.3 mmol/L]) in critically ill, intubated patients or in those with clinical sequelae of hypophosphatemia (eg, hemolysis) should be managed with intravenous replacement therapy (0.08–0.16 mmol/kg) over 2-6 hours.
What happens when phosphate levels are too high?
When you have too much phosphorus in your blood, it causes your body to pull calcium from your bones to try and keep your blood balanced. This can cause your bones to become weak and unhealthy. Unhealthy bones put you at higher risk of breaks (fractures) and other problems.
What is the cause of hypophosphatemia?
Hypophosphatemia is a serum phosphate concentration < 2.5 mg/dL (0.81 mmol/L). Causes include alcohol use disorder, burns, starvation, and diuretic use. Clinical features include muscle weakness, respiratory failure, and heart failure; seizures and coma can occur.
What causes low phosphates in the blood?
Hypophosphataemia is the term used to describe low levels of phosphate in the blood. It is most commonly caused by hyperparathyroidism and vitamin D deficiency.
How do you fix low phosphate?
You can correct mild symptoms, and prevent low phosphate in the future, by adding more phosphate into your diet. Milk and other dairy foods are good sources of phosphate. Or, you can take a phosphate supplement. If your vitamin D levels are low, you’ll also need to increase your intake of this vitamin.
When should phosphate levels be corrected?
For patients who are symptomatic and have a serum phosphate level less than 1.0 mg/dL, IV replacement is recommended, followed by oral replacement once serum phosphate levels reach greater than 1.5 mg/dL.