What are the toxicity symptoms of chromium?

What are the toxicity symptoms of chromium?

Acute Exposure

  • intense gastrointestinal irritation or ulceration and corrosion,
  • epigastric pain,
  • nausea,
  • vomiting,
  • diarrhea,
  • vertigo,
  • fever,
  • muscle cramps,

What are the dangers of chromium?

Workplace exposure to hexavalent chromium may cause the following health effects: • lung cancer in workers who breathe airborne hexavalent chromium • irritation or damage to the nose, throat, and lung (respiratory tract) if hexavalent chromium is breathed at high levels • irritation or damage to the eyes and skin if …

How does chromium affect the human body?

Chromium helps to move blood sugar (glucose) from the bloodstream into the cells to be used as energy and to turn fats, carbohydrates, and proteins into energy. Chromium may help some people with type 2 diabetes. It may help them control their blood sugar and may play a role in the management of type 2 diabetes.

What kind of cancer does chromium cause?

Hexavalent chromium compounds have been shown to cause lung cancer in humans when inhaled. The Report on Carcinogens lists hexavalent chromium compounds as known human carcinogens. Studies have consistently shown increased lung cancer rates in workers who were exposed to high levels of chromium in workroom air.

What food is chromium found in?

Chromium is present in many foods, including meats, grain products, fruits, vegetables, nuts, spices, brewer’s yeast, beer, and wine. However, chromium amounts in these foods vary widely depending on local soil and water conditions as well as agricultural and manufacturing processes used to produce them [4,7,12,17-20].

What vegetables are high in chromium?

Foods That Are Naturally Rich in Chromium Good sources of chromium include broccoli, green beans, potatoes, apples, bananas, whole grains, peas, cheese, corn, grapes, beef, and poultry. “You can also get chromium from garlic, basil, turkey, sweet potatoes, English muffins, and waffles,” notes King.

Can taking chromium cause cancer?

Present evidence indicates that the trivalent chromium compounds do not cause cancer although high concentrations in some in vitro systems have shown genetic toxicity. Hexavalent chromium compounds cause cancer in humans, in experimental animals and exert genetic toxicity in bacteria and in mammalian cells in vitro.

What are the health effects of chromium exposure?

Human occupational experience clearly indicates that, when inhaled, chromium compounds are respiratory tract irritants, resulting in airway irritation, airway obstruction, and lung, nasal, or sinus cancer. Dose, exposure duration, and the specific compound involved can determine chromium’s adverse health effects.

What happens to the lungs when chromium is inhaled?

When inhaled, chromium compounds are respiratory tract irritants and can cause pulmonary sensitization. Chronic inhalation of Cr (VI) compounds increases the risk of lung, nasal, and sinus cancer. Severe dermatitis and usually painless skin ulcers can result from contact with Cr (VI) compounds.

Which is the best treatment for chromium toxicity?

Depending on the severity of the condition and levels of toxicity the individual was exposed to, there are several treatment protocols: Exposure through the skin is treated by use of antibiotic creams to prevent secondary infections on the skin ulcers. Studies show that topical ascorbic acid may be effective in treating chromium-related dermatitis.

Why is there controversy about chromium supplementation?

The controversy surrounding chromium supplementation is due in part to substantial variability in the results of studies that have evaluated the effects of chromium in patients with or without diabetes.

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