What is meant by ensiled?
transitive verb. : to prepare and store (fodder) so as to induce conversion to silage.
What is the ensiling process?
THE ENSILING PROCESS Ensiling is a forage preservation method based on a spontaneous lactic acid fermentation under anaerobic conditions. The epiphytic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) ferment the water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC) in the crop to lactic acid, and to a lesser extent to acetic acid.
What are the ensiling materials?
Whole maize and stover are the most common materials. Sweet potato vines are also usually ensiled after harvesting the tubers. In the provinces along the Yangtze River valley, large amounts of Chinese milk vetch are cultivated as green manure to improve soil fertility.
What does forage mean in history?
Historically, the term forage has meant only plants eaten by the animals directly as pasture, crop residue, or immature cereal crops, but it is also used more loosely to include similar plants cut for fodder and carried to the animals, especially as hay or silage.
What is fodder used for?
Fodder (/ˈfɒdər/), also called provender (/ˈprɒvəndər/), is any agricultural foodstuff used specifically to feed domesticated livestock, such as cattle, rabbits, sheep, horses, chickens and pigs.
What are the 4 phases of fermentation?
The major chemical and microbiological changes that occur during the fermentation process can be divided into four distinct phases: aerobic, anaerobic fermentation, storage, and feedout.
What are the qualities of good hay?
Evaluating hay quality
- Maturity – High quality hay will have a high proportion of leaves in the bale, with few or no coarse stems or seed heads.
- Condition – High quality hay will contain little dust or mold.
- Color & odor – High quality hay generally has a bright green color and a sweet, fresh odor.
What is the meaning of the word ensile?
1. (Agriculture) to store and preserve (green fodder) in an enclosed pit or silo 2. (Agriculture) to turn (green fodder) into silage by causing it to ferment in a closed pit or silo v.t. -siled, -sil•ing.
When did Ensiling of forages become a process?
Ensiling of forages was recognized as a microbial-driven process as early as the late 1800s, when it was associated with the production of “sweet” or “sour” silage.
What happens to sugars during the ensiling phase?
During this phase a succession of different populations of anaerobic bacteria ferment sugars. The sugars are converted primarily into lactic acid, but also acetic acid, ethanol, carbon dioxide, and a few other minor products. The production of acid lowers the pH of the ensiled crop which inhibits the growth of other microbes.
What is the role of bacteria in the ensiling process?
Classical microbiological plating techniques defined the epiphytic microbial populations associated with fresh forage, the pivotal role of lactic acid-producing bacteria in the ensiling process, and the contribution of clostridia, bacilli, yeast, and molds to the spoilage of silage.