Which is the 2nd line of Defence?
The second line of defense is managerial and is responsible for oversight of the doers. They also develop and implement risk management processes, policies and procedures. The third line of defense are the auditors, both internal and external, who independently assess and report on the work of the other two lines.
What is the second line of defense in microbial invasion?
Second line of defence Phagocytes are a type of white blood cell that move by amoeboid action. They send out pseudopodia which allows them to surround invading microbes and engulf them. Phagocytes release digestive enzymes which break down the trapped microbes before they can do any harm.
Which is the 2nd line of Defence in operational risk?
Line 2: Risk oversight The second line of defence (2LOD) is provided by the risk management and compliance functions. These functions provide the oversight and the tools, systems and advice necessary to support the first line in identifying, managing and monitoring risks.
What are the 3 levels of the immune system?
Humans have three types of immunity — innate, adaptive, and passive:
- Innate immunity: Everyone is born with innate (or natural) immunity, a type of general protection.
- Adaptive immunity: Adaptive (or active) immunity develops throughout our lives.
Is Inflammation The second line of defense?
Second line of defense An inflammatory response begins when a pathogen stimulates an increase in blood flow to the infected area. Blood vessels in that area expand, and white blood cells leak from the vessels to invade the infected tissue. These white blood cells, called phagocytes engulf and destroy bacteria.
What are the three branches of the immune system?
What is 2nd line risk?
The second line is comprised of the standard setters or risk oversight groups (e.g., compliance functions, legal and enterprise risk management) which are responsible for establishing policies and procedures and serving as the management oversight over the first line (the doers).