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What are the differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes?

What are the differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes?

The difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells is that eukaryotic cells are those which have a membrane-bound nucleus that contains genetic material, as well as organelles that are also membrane-bound. Whereas, prokaryotes are cells that don’t have a nucleus or membrane-encased…

What are the functions of an eukaryotic cell?

– Ribosomes. Ribosomes are complexes made of ribosomal RNA and protein. – Endoplasmic reticulum. The endoplasmic reticulum is consisting of a complicated system of membranous cannes and sacules. – The Golgi apparatus. The GA sorts the modified molecules and packges them into vesicles that depart from the outer face. – Lysosomes. – Peroxisomes. – Vacuoles. – Chloroplasts.

What organelles do prokaryotes and eukaryotes have?

Eukaryotic cells contain membrane-bound organelles, such as the nucleus, while prokaryotic cells do not. Differences in cellular structure of prokaryotes and eukaryotes include the presence of mitochondria and chloroplasts , the cell wall, and the structure of chromosomal DNA.

Is Golgi apparatus prokaryotic or eukaryotic?

The Golgi apparatus occurs in all eukaryotic cells except male gametes of bryophytes and pteridophytes, mature sieve tubes, some fungal cells, and mature sperms and RBCs of animals. It is also absent in prokaryotic cells.

What are the characteristics of prokaryotes?

The three characteristics used to classify prokaryotes are shape, how they move, and how they get energy. Prokaryotes are unicellular or single celled organisms that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus, mitochondria, or any other membrane-bound organelles. Prokaryotes includes both bacteria and archaea and are found almost every where.

What are examples of prokaryotic cells?

Prokaryotic Cells. Bacteria are examples of the prokaryotic cell type. An example is E. coli. In general, prokaryotic cells are those that do not have a membrane-bound nucleus. In fact “pro-karyotic” is Greek for “before nucleus”.

What are prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

Most prokaryotes are unicellular and are either archaea or bacteria. Their cells are smaller than eukaryotic cells. Eukaryotes include larger, more complex organisms such as plants and animals. Only eukaryotes have membrane-bound organelles and a nucleus. Prokaryotes divide via using binary fission, while eukaryotic cells divide via mitosis.

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