What did Julius Caesar do to Vercingetorix?
Roman forces under the command of Julius Caesar besieged Alesia, within which sheltered the Gallic general Vercingetorix and his massive host. Caesar directed his troops to erect a series of extensive fortifications, including two walls encircling the city, to keep the defenders in and potential reinforcements out.
Why did Vercingetorix go to Alesia?
Alesia was an oppidum (fortified settlement) on a lofty hill, with two rivers on two different sides. Due to such strong defensive features, Caesar decided on a siege to force surrender by starvation. Vercingetorix sent messengers around Gaul to rally the tribes to war and come to Alesia.
What tribe was Vercingetorix?
Vercingetorix, (died 46 bce), chieftain of the Gallic tribe of the Arverni whose formidable rebellion against Roman rule was crushed by Julius Caesar.
Why did Julius Caesar conquer Gaul?
In Caesar’s mind his conquest of Gaul was probably carried out only as a means to his ultimate end. He was acquiring the military manpower, the plunder, and the prestige that he needed to secure a free hand for the prosecution of the task of reorganizing the Roman state and the rest of the Greco-Roman world.
Where is modern day Alesia?
Battle of Alesia/Location
What did Vercingetorix do after the Battle of Alesia?
Vercingetorix surrendered, and was kept as a prisoner for the next six years, until he was paraded through Rome and ceremonially garroted at the Tullianum in 46 BC. The next day Vercingetorix convened the Gallic council and proposed that he should be killed or surrendered alive to appease the Romans.
Where did Caesar trap Vercingetorix in his revolt?
Caesar had his Romans build encircling fortifications around the Arverni stronghold at Alesia, near present day Dijon, from which Vercingetorix had planned to fight and in which he was ultimately trapped. Caesar once again used siege warfare to obtain his objective.
How many Centurions died in the Battle of Alesia?
Caesar (whose own casualty numbers are likely much lower than in actuality) claims that 700 men died including 46 centurions. Caesar withdrew from his siege and Vercingetorix’s victory attracted many new tribes to his cause. So too, however, did the Romans who convinced numerous Germanic tribes to join them.
Why did Vercingetorix withdraw from the Siege of Gorgobina?
Vercingetorix was forced to withdraw from his siege of the Boii (allied to Rome) capital of Gorgobina. However, it was still winter, and Vercingetorix realized the reason Caesar had detoured was that the Romans were low on supplies. Thus Vercingetorix set out a strategy to starve the Romans.