What is flexion type of fracture?

What is flexion type of fracture?

Flexion-type SHF occurs mainly by directly falling on the elbow rather than falling on an outstretched hand [4]. Treatment of flexion-type fractures can be either closed reduction and casting, closed reduction and percutaneous pinning, or open reduction and pinning depending on the degree of displacement [4,5].

How do you reduce flexion type supracondylar fracture?

Treatment of flexion-type supracondylar humeral fractures in children in the prone position could be considered as a treatment option. Putting the elbow firmly on an arm board and rotating the C-arm to obtain proper anteroposterior and lateral radiographs facilitated closed reduction and pinning.

How do you describe a supracondylar fracture?

A supracondylar fracture is an injury to the humerus, or upper arm bone, at its narrowest point, just above the elbow. Supracondylar fractures are the most common type of upper arm injury in children. They are frequently caused by a fall on an outstretched elbow or a direct blow to the elbow.

What is extension type supracondylar fracture?

Extension type supracondylar fractures typically occur as a result of a fall on a hyper-extended elbow. When this occurs, the olecranon acts as a fulcrum after engaging in the olecranon fossa. The humerus fractures anteriorly initially and then posteriorly.

What is a Supracondylar?

Your child’s humerus is fractured (broken) near the elbow area, just above the joint. This is called a supracondylar (supra CON dy ler) humerus fracture. It is the most common type of elbow fracture and happens most often to children younger than 8 years old.

What nerve is affected in supracondylar fracture?

The anterior interosseous nerve is most commonly affected by the initial injury, however ulnar nerve palsy is the most common post-operative complication.

Does supracondylar fracture need surgery?

The fracture may be displaced (where the bones are out of alignment) or undisplaced. Displaced fractures may require surgery to put pins in the bones to hold them in place. A supracondylar elbow fracture will require cast and sling while the fracture heals. If surgery was required, the cast will be a full cast.

Is supracondylar fracture an emergency?

Displaced supracondylar fractures have been traditionally treated as surgical emergencies due to the risk of neurovascular complications or the belief that open reduction instead of closed reduction will be needed if surgery is delayed.

Which nerve is affected in supracondylar fracture?

The injury pattern in the 196 affected nerves showed that the most commonly affected nerve was the ulnar nerve (43.4%), followed by the median (36.7%) and radial (19.9%) nerves.

What are the complications of Colles fracture?


  • malunion resulting in dinner fork deformity.
  • median nerve palsy and post-traumatic carpal tunnel syndrome.
  • reflex sympathetic dystrophy.
  • secondary osteoarthritis, more frequently seen in patients with intra-articular involvement.
  • EPL tendon tear.

Were do fractures occur most often in the femur?

Most fractures of the femur are hip fractures and occur at the upper end, where the femur connects with the pelvis. Only 3-5% of femur fractures occur between the hip and the knee.

How long does it take to heal a broken humerus?

The aim is rehabilitation to a functional range of movement. Generally recovery takes at least one year but union is expected at 6-8 weeks. Adequate treatment of those at risk of osteoporosis. It is defined as a posterolateral humeral head compression fracture and can occur following anterior shoulder dislocation.

What is the pathophysiology of a fracture in the femur?

The femur is a very large, strong bone that is difficult to break. A broken femur is usually caused by a severe accident; vehicle accidents are one of the primary causes. Older adults can fracture their femur from a fall because their bones tend to be weaker.

How is the femur fractured?

A femoral fracture is a bone fracture that involves the femur. They are typically sustained in high-impact trauma , such as car crashes, due to the large amount of force needed to break the bone.

Share this post