Is pertussis droplet or airborne?
Pertussis is a contagious, acute respiratory illness caused by the bacterial pathogen Bordetella pertussis. Although it is widely believed that transmission of B. pertussis occurs via aerosolized respiratory droplets, no controlled study has ever documented airborne transmission of pertussis.
Is pertussis spread by droplet?
Pertussis bacteria are spread through droplets produced during coughing or sneezing. These droplets don’t travel very far through the air and usually only infect persons nearby.
What are the precautions for pertussis?
The best way to prevent pertussis (whooping cough) among babies, children, teens, pregnant women, and adults is to get vaccinated. Also, keep babies and other people at high risk for pertussis complications away from infected people. Two vaccines in the United States help prevent whooping cough: DTaP and Tdap.
Does pertussis need contact precautions?
Wearing a surgical mask within 3 feet of the patient provides protection from the spread of pertussis. Often times, close household contacts are the source of the child’s infection; therefore, providers should also wear masks when within 3 feet of symptomatic parents or siblings.
Is N95 mask required for pertussis?
A respirator or N95 face mask is NOT necessary but can be used for the care of a patient on Droplet Precautions. Remember, that you should continue to use Standard Precautions during patient care in addition to Droplet Precautions.
Is pertussis bacterial or viral?
Pertussis, a respiratory illness commonly known as whooping cough, is a very contagious disease caused by a type of bacteria called Bordetella pertussis.
What type of PPE is used for pertussis?
Droplet precautions are used when you have disease in your lungs or throat, such as: The flu. Pertussis (whooping cough) Mumps.
What disease requires airborne precautions?
Airborne precautions are required to protect against airborne transmission of infectious agents. Diseases requiring airborne precautions include, but are not limited to: Measles, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Varicella (chickenpox), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
How should an N95 mask be put on and take off?
Hold the respirator under your chin with the nosepiece up. Place both hands completely over the respirator and exhale. If you feel leakage, there is not a proper seal. Remove by pulling the bottom strap over back of head, followed by the top strap, without touching the respirator.